ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST)

Science, technology and innovation can be powerful determinants and enablers of economic development, educational programmes and protection of the environment. This view is shared by the ASEAN Leaders who have recognised science and technology (S&T) as a key factor in sustaining economic growth, enhancing community well-being and promoting integration in ASEAN. The Leaders have envisioned that by 2020 that ASEAN will be technology competitive, competent in strategic and enabling technologies, with an adequate pool of technologically qualified and trained manpower, and strong networks of scientific and technological institution and centres of excellence.
 
To push forward to build a strong S&T base for ASEAN as a single integrated economy, and to ensure ASEAN to remain globally competitive, ASEAN Member Countries have to move up the technology ladder and focus on enhancing their capability for technological innovation in many areas. This task, however, is not easy as ASEAN, a grouping of ten developing countries with great variance in the level of science and technology capability, has to move the cooperation forward more vigourusly and promote deeper integration. ASEAN must also promote greater awareness of its people of the S&T activities and its roles and contributions towards sustainable economic development and provide ways and means to innovate. The involvement of specific elements in ASEAN community such as private sector in S&T undertakings, especially in research and technology development and commercialisation of technologies must also be promoted.

To ensure that the S&T cooperation in ASEAN remains relevant and supportive to the directives of the ASEAN Leaders and S&T Ministers, a series of Plans of Action in Science and Technology have been developed since the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST) was established in 1978. The most recent Plan: The Action Plan of Action on Science and Technology (APAST) 2007-2011 was endorsed by the ASEAN S&T Ministers in February 2007. The Plan was developed taking into account the various directives and initiative of the ASEAN Leaders (e.g. Vientiane Action Programme), and S&T Ministers, Committee on Science and Technology (COST) and the national S&T plans in the ASEAN Member Countries. The Plan, which identifies 6 thrusts and 24 supporting actions, essentially provides appropriate guidelines for identification and formulation of programmes and projects to achieve better coordination and cooperation to strengthen the capabilities of S&T in ASEAN.

The current S&T cooperation in ASEAN focuses on nine programme areas, namely (i) food science and technology (ii) biotechnology, (iii) meteorology and geophysics, (iv) marine science and technology, (v) non-conventional energy research, (vi) microelectronics and information technology, (vii) material science and technology, (viii) space technology and applications, and (ix) S&T infrastructure and resources development. To coordinate and implement activities in each area, a Sub-Committee is established.

The organisational chart of ASEAN S&T cooperation is shown as follows:


Organizational Structure
of Science and Technology Cooperation
In ASEAN


Acronyms:
ABAPAST: Advisory Body on ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology
ABASF: Advisory Body of the ASEAN Science Fund
AMMST: ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science & Technology
ASEAN-China JSTC: Joint Science and Technology Committee
ASEAN-India WGST: Working Group on Science and Technology
ASEAN-Russia WGST: Working Group on Science and Technology
ASEAN-EC JCCSCST: Joint Cooperation Committee Sub-Committee on Science and Technology
ASEAN COST+3: Committee on Science and Technology Plus Three
COST: Committee on Science and Technology
SCB: Sub-Committee on Biotechnology
SCFST: Sub-Committee on Food Science and Technology
SCIRD: Sub-Committee on Infrastructure and Resources Development
SCMG: Sub-Committee on Meteorology and Geophysics
SCMIT: Sub-Committee on Microelectronics and Information Technology
SCMSAT: Sub-Committee on Marine Science and Technology
SCMST: Sub-Committee on Material Science and Technology
SCNCER: Sub-Committee on Non-Conventional Energy Research
SCOSA: Sub-Committee on Space Technology and Applications

To provide better services to ASEAN public and government agencies in the fields of meteorology and seismology, two ASEAN centers have been established, they are ASEAN Specialised Meteorology Center (ASMC) and ASEAN Earthquake Information Center (AEIC).

ASEAN is actively pursuing close cooperation in S&T with its Dialogue Partners and Sectoral Dialogue Partner. Several permanent bodies have been established with ASEAN Dialogue Partners such as China, India, EU and Russia, and also with the Plus Three countries. Regular meetings among S&T officials from ASEAN and Dialogue Partners are convened to promote closer cooperation. In addition, ASEAN also continues to forge closely collaboration in S&T with international organisations such as UNESCO and WMO.

To further promote the awareness of public to S&T cooperation in ASEAN, and to enhance the interaction between scientific communities, policy makers, industries and manufacturer associations, ASEAN organises regular S&T events namely ASEAN Food Conference (AFC) and ASEAN Science and Technology Week (ASTW). The outcomes of research works undertaken by ASEAN scientists and researchers are also published regularly in the ASEAN Journal of S&T for Development (AJSTD). From time to time, ASEAN also issues various publications.

To obtain more detailed information about the S&T cooperation in ASEAN, please visit http://astnet.asean.org/

Chairman's Statement of the 14th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST-14)

Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, 26 November 2011


1. The 14th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST-14) was held on 26 November 2011 in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam. The Meeting was chaired by H.E. Dr. Nguyen Quan, Minister of Science and Technology, Viet Nam, and attended by Science and Technology Ministers and Senior Officials from the ten ASEAN Member States. The Deputy Secretary General of ASEAN and his staff were also in attendance.

2. The Meeting noted that since the 6th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (IAMMST) was convened in Krabi, Thailand in December 2010, the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST) and its subsidiary bodies have met in May 2011 in Siem Reap, Cambodia and in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam in November 2011 to discuss and report on the progress of implementation of the ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology, the Krabi Initiative, and other directives of the S&T Ministers. The Meeting also noted that the ASEAN COST had Dialogue Meeting and consultation with the European Commission (EC) and the United States to further discuss the implementation details of agreed initiatives.

Progress of the ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology (APAST)

3. The Ministers were pleased to note that the implementation plans of the six flagship programmes were enhanced according to a set of criteria indicated in the COST-endorsed monitoring and evaluation system. The Ministers further noted that since the 6th IAMMST, a total of 11 projects have been completed; 23 projects are in various stages of implementation; and 33 projects are still being appraised by ASEAN and its Dialogue Partners.

4. The Ministers welcomed the joint initiative of the ASEAN COST and the EU in marking 2012 as the ASEAN-EU Year of Science, Technology and Innovation (YoSTI). The 2012 YoSTI is part of the SEA-EU-NET programme and will be a year-long campaign with a series of activities that will be implemented to promote and raise the visibility of S&T cooperation between both regions.

5. The Ministers noted that COST shall embark on a transformational revolution and paradigm shift as defined in the Krabi Initiative and that while still anchored on science and technology, COST shall ensure that innovation benefitting the ASEAN peoples will be the ultimate goal of S&T collaboration in ASEAN. To this end, COST has agreed to engage in a special retreat next year in Myanmar to exchange views and agree on concrete actions to make its initiatives more meaningful.

Report on the Study of State of S&T Development in ASEAN

6. The Ministers noted the key findings and recommendations indicated in the executive summary of the report on the study. ASEAN Member States were requested to review and provide additional inputs to enhance the report. The Ministers were of the view that the study could be a useful reference for COST and its subsidiary bodies in the planning and implementation of APAST and the Krabi Initiative.

7. The Ministers appreciated the work of the two experts from Indonesia and the Philippines and the focal points from all AMS who were involved in the study. The Ministers also requested the ASEAN Secretariat to convey their appreciation to Japan for its support for the conduct of the study.

Cooperation with Dialogue Partners

8. The Ministers noted the interest of China to renew cooperation with COST through the signing of an ASEAN-China Memorandum of Agreement. (MoA) on science and technology. The Ministers noted that COST also affirms its interest to continue engaging in S&T cooperation with China with or without any formal instruments. In this regard, Viet Nam, as country coordinator for China, shall work closely with the ASEAN Secretariat and the Sub-Committee on S&T Infrastructure and Resource Development (SCIRD) to study the proposal for further consideration of COST and the AMMST.

9. The Ministers welcomed the offer of the Republic of Korea to formalise its cooperation with COST through the setting up of an ASEAN-ROK Joint Science and Technology Committee (JSTC). The Ministers noted that the proposed ASEAN-ROK JSTC follows on the similar platform that COST has established with some Dialogue Partners such as China, the EC, Japan, India, Russia, and the Plus Three Countries. The draft Terms of Reference (TOR) of the ASEAN-ROK JSTC is patterned after the TOR of COST with said Dialogue Partners and will be discussed and/or finalised at the forthcoming consultation with ROK in December 2011 in Jeju, ROK.

10. The Ministers noted that an ASEAN-US consultation on science and technology was held on 24 November 2011. The Ministers welcomed the proposals of the US to engage the COST in two innovation-focused activities. The details of the proposals shall be reviewed and finalised by SCIRD, in consultation with the US.

ASEAN Science Fund

11. The Ministers were pleased to note that the contributions of the AMS to the ASEAN Science Fund (ASF) will be completed before the end of this year. The Ministers requested COST, through its Advisory Body on the ASF (ABASF) to report to the next Ministerial Meeting the outcome of the ABASF's study in finding innovative and creative ways so that the ASF could generate higher interest returns and to review the guidelines on the use of the ASF to determine the feasibility of using not only the earnings but also a portion of the ASF principal amount to support major S&T initiatives.

Next Meeting of the ASEAN S&T Ministers

12. The Ministers agreed to convene the 7th IAMMST in Brunei Darussalam in the fourth quarter of 2012.

Chairman’s Statement of the 6th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (IAMMST) Krabi, Thailand, 17 December 2010

1. The 6th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (IAMMST) was held on 17 December 2010 in Krabi, Thailand. The Meeting was chaired by H.E. Dr. Virachai Virameteekul, Minister of Science and Technology, Thailand, and attended by Science and Technology Ministers and Senior Officials from Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines Singapore and Viet Nam. The Deputy Secretary General of ASEAN and his staff were also in attendance.

2. The Meeting noted that five (5) events were conducted prior to the 6th Informal Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology, namely, the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST) Retreat on “The Future of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) in ASEAN:2015 and Beyond”; the 17th Meeting of the Advisory Body on the ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology (ABAPAST); the 60th Meeting of ASEAN COST; the 8th Meeting of the ASEAN-India Working Group on Science and Technology; and the 5th Meeting of ASEAN COST Plus Three.

3. The Meeting adopted the report of the STI Retreat and agreed that the outcome of the Retreat shall be called the Krabi Initiative1.  “Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) for a Competitive, Sustainable and Inclusive ASEAN” was adopted as the theme for the Krabi Initiative.

4. The Meeting agreed that the Krabi Initiative should be implemented keeping  in mind the objectives of COST flagship programmes and to the extent possible, synergise ASEAN R&D human resource through an exchange programme; and make the programme a part of all the COST flagship programmes and other joint R&D projects; and wherever possible, make the programme a part of R&D human resource development in all Member Countries,

5. The Meeting adopted the vision statement of the sixth flagship programme of the COST on Health and noted that a number of activities will be undertaken in 2011 to enhance the ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology (APAST). The Meeting further agreed that the Krabi Initiative shall be referenced in the preparation of APAST 2016-2020.

6. The Meeting noted the progress of the augmentation of the ASEAN Science Fund (ASF).  Recognising the need to utilise and to leverage on the ASF to support COST flagship programmes, the Krabi Initiative and other related S&T activities, the Meeting tasked the Advisory Body of the ASF (ABASF) and the ABAPAST to find innovative means such that the income and usable monies to be derived from the ASF can be increased. The Meeting noted that meeting for this purpose will be held in the first quarter of 2011in Lao PDR.

7. The Meeting thanked Indonesia for hosting three events in 2011, namely, ASEAN Workshop on Bio-risk Management; Triple Helix Conference; and Workshop on Nuclear Power Plant.  The Meeting also noted that the 9th ASEAN Science and Technology Week (ASTW) shall also be hosted by Indonesia in 2014.

8. The Meeting appreciated with enthusiasm three new initiatives proposed by Thailand, namely, Synchrotron Technology in ASEAN; Establishment of the Sub-Committee on Metrology; and Establishment of ASEAN Earth Observation Satellite.  Acknowledging the importance of the proposed initiatives, the Meeting requested Thailand to develop and circulate the full details of the 3 proposals for review by the relevant COST subsidiary bodies.

9. The Meeting noted that three new initiatives proposed by India at the 8th Meeting of AIWGST shall be reviewed by COST. The new initiatives are the ASEAN Young Scientists Gateway to Indian Science and Technology Programme; Quality Systems in Manufacturing (Enabling Good Laboratory Practices); and Human Resource Capacity Building and Application for Developmental Needs – Geospatial Technologies.

10. The Meeting appreciated the sustained efforts of the Republic of Korea in implementing the programmes under the ASEAN+3 Centre for the Gifted in Science and thanked Brunei Darussalam for hosting the 1st Junior Science Odyssey in December 2011. The Meeting also welcomed the offer of China to host the ASEAN+3 Forum on Innovation in 2011.

11. The Meeting noted that the ASEAN Youth Forum on Innovation and Creativity (AYFIC) was endorsed by the 5th COST Plus Three Meeting and thanked Malaysia for hosting the event.

12. The Meeting noted that the 61st Meeting of COST and Meetings of COST subsidiary bodies shall be held in Siem Reap, Cambodia in May 2011.  Further details shall be conveyed by Cambodia to COST in due course. The Meeting further noted that the 62nd Meeting of COST and the 14th AMMST will be held in Viet Nam in the last quarter of 2011.

 

1 The Krabi Inititative, with its salient features, is attached

Joint Press Statement of the 13th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST) Singapore, 6 November 2009

1. The 13th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST) was held in Singapore, 6 November 2009. The Meeting was chaired by H.E. S. Iswaran, Senior Minister of State for Trade and Industry of Singapore. H.E. Dr. Khunying Kalaya Sophonpanich, Minister of Science and Technology, Thailand was elected Vice-Chair.  The Meeting was attended by Science and Technology Ministers and Senior Officials from the ten ASEAN Member Countries. The Deputy Secretary General of ASEAN and his staff were also in attendance.

Opening Ceremony

2. The Meeting was officially opened by H.E. Mr. Wong Kan Seng, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Home Affairs of Singapore. In his Opening Speech, H.E. Mr. Wong Kan Seng extended his warmest welcome to all the S&T Ministers and their delegations to the Meeting.  He stressed that the impact and effects of common challenges such as infectious diseases, natural and environmental disasters are felt across national boundaries.   Solutions to these problems do not rest on any individual country and thus, it is imperative for the Member States to work together to address the common challenges faced.

3. He expressed confidence that the advancement in science and technology can improve the lives of the peoples and build the economies.  He encouraged the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST) and its Sub-Committees to continue playing a significant role in driving S&T agenda and for Member States to commit resources and share information to tackle challenges in food security, clean energy, and the environment, among others.

Progress of the ASEAN Plan of Action on S&T (APAST) Flagship Programmes

4. The Ministers noted the progress of implementation of the APAST and welcomed the efforts of COST to formally establish S&T cooperation with Japan through the ASEAN-Japan Cooperation Committee on Science and Technology (AJCCST) and with the European Commission (EC) through the ASEAN-EC Dialogue Meeting on Science and Technology.

5. The Ministers noted the concerted efforts by the lead countries in finalising the roadmaps for the flagship programmes in Early Warning Systems for Disaster Risk Reduction; Biofuels; Development and Application of Open Source Systems; Functional Food; and Climate Change. The Ministers also noted the efforts to finalise the roadmap on Health.

6. The Ministers adopted the vision statements of the flagship programmes roadmaps and tasked COST to work on a clear implementation plan for each of the roadmaps to ensure that the 2015 targets are achieved. The Ministers also emphasized the need to address issues related to water resources, and the development of human resource capabilities in science and technology, in the context of these flagship programmes.

7. The Ministers tasked COST to use the ASEAN Science Fund (ASF) to catalyse the implementation of the roadmaps. The Ministers also reiterated that the implementation of the cost-sharing mechanism as reflected in APAST (2007-2011) is essential for the execution of the flagship programmes.

8. Recognising that the activities in the roadmaps could be in the plans or being implemented by other sectoral bodies, coordination of efforts among relevant sectoral bodies should be pursued.  The Ministers, thus, tasked the ASEAN Secretariat to explore the possibility of convening appropriate Committees of the Whole to discuss cross-cutting interventions and activities under the flagship programmes.

ASEAN Science Fund

9. The Ministers noted that Member States’ contribution to the ASEAN Science Fund has reached 93% of the total expected target of USD 10 million.  The Ministers tasked that the fund be used, in conjunction with funding from Dialogue Partners and private sector collaboration, to support the flagship programmes.

Highlight of the 1st ASCC Council Meeting and other relevant ASEAN Meetings

10. The Ministers noted that the request for AMMST and COST to be moved from ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) to ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) was approved.

ASEAN-US S&T Agreement

11. The Ministers noted that the S&T component of the draft ASEAN-US S&T Agreement has been reviewed and endorsed by COST. The non-S&T components such as taxes and legal issues, shall be resolved by the Ministries of Foreign Affairs in consultation with the US State Department. The Ministers requested the Philippines, as Country Coordinator, to continue following up with the US on the progress of the said draft.

The 1st ASEAN+3 Techmart

12. The Ministers noted that the 1st ASEAN+3 Techmart was held in Ha Noi, Viet Nam on 17-19 September 2009. The Ministers noted that more than 3000 technologies/equipment were exhibited and about 2000 contracts and agreements have been signed with an indicative value of about USD 100 million.

Outcome of the 11th ASEAN Food Conference 

13. The Ministers noted the successful implementation of the 11th ASEAN Food Conference which was held in Bandar Seri Begawan on 21-23 October 2009 with the participation of over 670 participants from more than 24 countries. The Conference provided a venue for scientists to exchange and share experience in the food technology.

Updates on the project “Study on the State of S&T Development in ASEAN”

14. The Ministers emphasized the need to proceed with the study on the state of S&T in ASEAN in order to determine S&T capacities of Member States as well as identify possible technology niches in each Member State. The Ministers instructed that the study proceed expeditiously with funding from Japan.

Next Meetings of the S&T Ministers

15. The Ministers thanked Thailand for its offer to host the 6th Informal AMMST in November 2010.

Joint Press Statement of the 12th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST) Mandalay, Myanmar, 16-17 November 2007

1. The 12th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST) was held in Mandalay, Myanmar, on 16-17 November 2007. The Meeting was chaired by H.E. U Thaung, Minister of Science and Technology  of the Union of Myanmar, and attended by Science and Technology Ministers and Senior Officials from the ten ASEAN Member Countries. The Deputy Secretary General of ASEAN and her staff were also in attendance.

Opening Ceremony

2. The Meeting was officially opened by H.E. U. Thaung, Minister of Science and Technology of Myanmar. In his Opening Speech, H.E. U Thaung extended his warmest welcome to all the S&T Ministers and their delegations to the Meeting and to Myanmar.  As ASEAN has just adopted the new ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology (APAST) 2007-2011, he emphasised the need for ASEAN to put extra efforts to implement the thrusts and actions specified in the APAST. He further urged the region to foster S&T cooperation to ensure that S&T remains a key factor in sustaining economic growth, enhancing community well-being, and promoting integration in ASEAN through human resources, research and technology development to meet the needs of economic integration.
 
3. H.E. U Thaung believed that the implementation of the four flagship programmes identified in the APAST, namely (i) Early Warning System for Disaster Risk Reduction, (ii) Biofuels, (iii) Application and Development of Open Source System, and (iv) Functional Food would benefit the region. He also suggested that ASEAN should give more priority to strengthen its S&T infrastructure for the sustainable development of the region, and that the close cooperation with the ASEAN Dialogue Partners would help narrow the technological divide within ASEAN.

Progress of the ASEAN Plan of Action (APAST) 2007-2011

4. The Ministers were pleased to note that the publication of the APAST 2007-2011 has been completed. The thrust and specific actions identified in the Plan of Action, which was developed taking into account the various directives of ASEAN Leaders and ASEAN S&T Ministers, allow the S&T sector to develop more policies and mechanisms to support active cooperation in research and technology both at the regional level. At the same time, it would also promote effective networking among S&T centers of excellence in ASEAN.

5. Recognising the cross sectoral nature of S&T, the presence of the new Plan of Action would be able to provide an opportunity for the Sub-Committees under the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST) in the development of strategies on how technologies can be made more accessible to various communities in ASEAN thereby ensuring that S&T activities which will be undertaken over the next four years remain effective and responsive to the various ASEAN challenges.

6. The Ministers noted the progress of various projects and initiatives implemented by the nine Sub-Committees under the Committee on Science and Technology (COST). With regard to the four COST’s flagship programmes, the Ministers also noted that initial activities have been implemented or are being prepared by the lead countries. To provide concrete framework in implementing these flagship programmes in a more effective manner, the Ministers suggested that the lead countries develop a roadmap for their respective flagship programmes.

S&T Interventions on climate change

7. The Ministers recognised the need for ASEAN to collectively address the impact of climate change on socio-economic development, health and the environment, and to take an effective approach to the interrelated challenges of climate change. To this end, the Ministers expressed their full support for the S&T sector to initiate cooperation activities to undertake appropriate interventions to help mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change. The Ministers further tasked the COST's Sub-Committee on Meteorology and Geophysics (SCMG), in coordination with the other COST's Sub-Committees, to take the lead in these undertakings. The Ministers suggested that the Declaration on Climate Change, Energy and the Environment to be issued at the Third East Asia Summit (EAS)  in Singapore on 21 November 2007, the outcomes of the 13th Session of Conference of Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention and Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 3rd Meeting of Parties (MOP) to the Kyoto Protocol in Bali, Indonesia, on 3-14 December 2007, should guide the implementation of further activities.

S&T Interventions on the initiative to use nuclear as an alternative energy

8. The Ministers noted that some ASEAN countries such as Indonesia, Thailand and Viet Nam have initiated preparations to build nuclear power plants to produce electricity as part of their long term plans to cope with the energy demands. In support of these initiatives, the Senior Officials Meeting on Energy (SOME) and ASEAN Ministers on Energy Meeting (AMEM) agreed in-principle to establish the ASEAN Nuclear Energy Safety Sub-Sector Network (NES-SSN). To ensure that the S&T sector plays a role to support the various initiatives, the Ministers agreed to establish an ad-hoc Technical Working Group (TWG) addressing the S&T intervention activities in support of the plans to establish nuclear power plants in some ASEAN countries. As a start, the ad-hoc TWG could operate under the direct supervision of the COST's Sub-Committee on Non-Conventional Energy Research (SCNCER). In addition, the Ministers also support the idea to establish direct interfacing with SOME by having a representation in the proposed NES-SSN.

9. The Ministers noted the need to also address the safety regulatory issue on nuclear energy based on the existing national, regional and multilateral arrangements to avoid duplication of functions and synergise limited resources.

ASEAN Science Fund
 
10. The Ministers reviewed the status of the ASEAN Science Fund (ASF), particularly the progress of its augmentation. The Ministers were pleased to note that since the signing of the Agreement on the Augmentation of the ASF in 2000, the Fund has grown considerably to around US$7.1 M. Under the Agreement, the target contribution is US$1 M per country.  Currently, the ASF is supporting the regular publication of the ASEAN Journal of Science and Technology for Development (AJSTD).
 
ASEAN-US S&T Agreement

11. The Ministers agreed to strengthen the S&T cooperation between ASEAN and the US through the establishment of the ASEAN-US S&T Agreement. The Ministers expected that the necessary review process on the draft Agreement in each country could be completed as soon as possible to allow the signing of the Agreement to take place in between February and April 2008. The Ministers appreciated Singapore’s effort to take the lead in consolidating the inputs from the ASEAN Member Countries and the US.

Strengthening S&T cooperation between ASEAN and its Dialogue Partners

12. The Ministers agreed to conduct informal discussions with their counterparts from some ASEAN Dialogue Partners such as Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand and Republic of Korea back-to-back with the 5th Informal AMMST scheduled to be held in Manila, Philippines, in July 2008. These discussions are expected to generate various joint activities such as research and technology development, human resource development, exchange of scientific information etc.

Formalisation of Chairmanship of AMMST

13. Recognising the ASEAN Leaders’ decision to build the ASEAN Community by 2015 and also the signing of the ASEAN Charter at the 13th ASEAN Summit in November 2007 in Singapore, consultations among ASEAN S&T Ministers and among ASEAN ministerial bodies will be more intensive.  In this regard, the Ministers agreed to formalise the chairmanship of the AMMST with one year term covering the period between two scheduled Ministerial Meetings. The Ministers agreed to designate Myanmar, the host of the 12th AMMST, as Chairman of the AMMST, effective immediately, until the convening of the 5th Informal AMMST in July 2008 . The Philippines, which will host the 5th Informal AMMST, shall be the Vice Chairman. 

The 8th ASEAN Science and Technology Week (ASTW)
 
14. The Ministers expressed their support to the holding of the 8th ASEAN Science and Technology Week (ASTW) on 7-11 July 2008 in Manila, Philippines. The ASTW, held every three years, is an ideal venue for the ASEAN S&T sector to promote people-to-people contacts, both in ASEAN and outside ASEAN. This event would also be an effective venue to promote business opportunities arising from technological undertakings. It could also be used to promote ASEAN to its own peoples and also peoples from other parts of the world.

15. With a theme "Making Science Work For You", the 8th ASTW will feature a series of activities such as (i) S&T exhibition, (ii) S&T conferences and poster presentation, (iii) ASEAN S&T Awards, and (iv) ASEAN Youth Summit.
 
Next Meetings of the S&T Ministers

16. The Ministers agreed to convene the 5th Informal AMMST in Manila, Philippines, on 6-7 July 2008 in conjunction with the 8th ASTW. They also agreed to hold the 13th AMMST in the second half of 2009 in Singapore.

Address by YAB Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Hj Abdul Razak Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia at the Opening Ceremony of the 4th Informal Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers of Science and Technology (IAMMST) Kuantan, Malaysia, 28th August 2006

The Honourable Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia,
Dato’ Sri Jamaludin Mohd Jarjis

Honourable Ministers of Science and Technology of ASEAN Member Countries

Distinguished Delegates

Ladies and Gentlemen

Assalamualaikum and a very good morning


1. First and foremost, I wish to express my sincere appreciation to the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (ASEAN-COST) for inviting me to officiate at the Opening Ceremony of the Fourth Informal Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers of Science and Technology (IAMMST). Malaysia is indeed pleased to host this important event and I am delighted that it is taking place in my home state, Pahang Darul Makmur.

Ladies and gentlemen,

2. ASEAN celebrates its 39th Anniversary this year, and as it approaches its 40th year –that magic number which signifies maturity- it is a suitable time for ASEAN to reflect on its achievements and more importantly to take a serious look at the way forward; on the real and tangible benefit that ASEAN can continue to bring to the peoples of this region.

3. We are pleased that ASEAN has done very well as a group. The policies adopted by us collectively on a broad range of issues, ranging from trade to environmental protection, from social welfare to the development of ICT among other things, have thus far ensured that the region continues to remain cohesive and stable, progressing steadily whilst holding firm to the principles upon which the grouping was founded. Moving ahead, ASEAN must stay the course and hold true to these principles of mutual cooperation, community building, and regional integration.

4. Perhaps most importantly, ASEAN must work towards ensuring adequate preparedness of all member countries to face the onslaught of globalization. Clichéd though the discussion on globalization may have become, we cannot escape the fact that this phenomenon is an inevitability, the early effects of which we are already experiencing today and the long term impact of which we must prepare for or face serious repercussions.

5. For a region like South East Asia, where trade is of paramount importance, changes arising from the emergence of a borderless world cannot be ignored. In light of the harsh realities of today –which include soaring energy prices, and fluctuating market conditions, apart from ever intensifying competition- ASEAN member countries must be dynamic and stand ready to make necessary changes in the name of survival.

6. It goes without saying that one of the key elements of survival in the current global scenario is the mastery of science and technology (S&T). It is often said the “knowledge is power”, and never has this been more true than here and now in the 21st Century. It is obvious for all to see that nations in which science and technology are widely embraced and applied, are the nations who top the list in terms of growth and development.

7. Last April I had the pleasure of speaking to the delegates and participants of the ASEAN-China ICT Week in Penang. I shared my view then, as I wish to share with all of you today, that ASEAN as a group must look into strengthening the S&T capabilities of all member countries so that the entire region can benefit. The stark reality today is that there is a painfully obvious disparity between the Science & Technology “Haves” and “Have-nots” across the globe, and even in our own backyard.

8. Whether it be due to financial constraints, political instability or prohibitive geographical conditions, the fact of the matter is that a large part of the world is still detached from the rapid pace of development brought about by advances in science and technology. In many countries, a considerable section of the population living in rural areas still lacks even basic amenities such as continuous electricity and clean water supply, let alone internet access and connectivity. As a result, these places become isolated from mainstream development and the much spoken of ‘digital divide’ widens.

9. If this pattern continues unchecked, nations that face this problem will continue to be left further and further behind, and this may spell the beginning of a vicious downward spiral. Economic development is sure to be slow if not entirely retarded. Poverty will rise and this may lead to a host of problems including an increase in crime rates and social disease, political instability and outward migration. For countries grappling with such problems, the future would seem none too promising.

Ladies and gentlemen,

10. ASEAN cannot afford to allow such problems to occur in our region.  In the name of community building and collective growth and prosperity, we must all commit ourselves towards taking every possible measure to prepare our peoples for the challenges of today and tomorrow.

11. I believe that at the core of the problems, lies the question of attitudes and mindsets. Governments may spend billions towards infrastructural development and physical modernization, but if the people are not conditioned to modernize and develop, then whatever progress attained will be short-lived.  On the other hand, if the people are suitably prepared, well conditioned and given adequate knowledge and exposure, the pace of progress and development will accelerate significantly.

12. Science and technology are enablers.  S&T empowers people and opens new avenues and opportunities in numerous fields.  The peoples of ASEAN must be made aware of the power of S&T and they must be encouraged to embrace it in their daily lives. They must be made to understand that weather their like it or not, there may soon come a time when their livelihood will depend on their knowledge of science and technology on some level. Today the world speaks excitedly of biotechnology and nano technology apart from the endlessly unfolding marvel of ICT.  ASEAN must be a part of these exciting developments if we are to be assured of a place on the ride to the future.

Ladies and gentlemen,

13. ASEAN’s S&T thrust into the future must be undertaken jointly by governments and the private sector.  In order for the Science & Technology objectives of ASEAN to be fulfilled, there must be strong participation from the private sector of member countries.  There has to be increased scientific research and development (R&D) in various fields and across all sectors. To this end, Governments must put in place mechanisms and incentive structures so that the private sector is more inclined to participate in furthering the development of science and technology in theirs countries.

14. In the same vein, governments must also create a business friendly environment specifically catering for S&T based ventures so as to attract more investments, particularly foreign investments which bring with them the potential for the transfer of technology.

15. The ultimate goal is to create a functioning S&T community across the different disciplines and sectors, who will become pioneers and innovators in their respective fields. ASEAN must evolve to become producers of new technology instead of mere consumers.

16. For too long now ASEAN’s industries have depended on foreign technology.  Its time for us to develop our own, and to meet this objective, we must harness all our resources and capitalize on the advantages that we have.  ASEAN is fortunate to enjoy strong ties with most countries around the world and we can leverage on these ties to share knowledge and experience on the development of science and technology across the various disciplines.

17. In this regard, I am delighted to note the close rapport that has been established between the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology and all its Dialogue Partners. I understand that during this informal meeting the Committee will be engaging with dialogue partners China, Japan, India, Korea, Australia and New Zealand, and the discussions will focus on a broad range of topics including human resource development in S&T, emerging technologies, infectious disease and technology for disaster contingency, among other things.

18. This openness in exchanging views and ideas is most welcome, for it paves the way for greater cooperation towards the development of science and technology across ASEAN and in the long run I believe this will prove mutually beneficial for ASEAN and all its partners.

Ladies and gentlemen,

19. I understand that the ASEAN Ministers of Science and Technology meet every year alternating between the formal and informal meetings. In my opinion this is absolutely critical towards implementing the ASEAN agenda relating to science and technology as decided by the Heads of Government in their annual summit.

20. As we know, ASEAN leaders have recently agreed to bring forward the target for the implementation of the ASEAN Economic Community by 5 years, to 2015. In the same vein, I would suggest that the ASEAN Committee on S&T look into ASEAN Action Plan on Science and Technology and explore the possibility of also expediting its full implementation for the benefit of ASEAN collectively.

21. I am told that the idea of this informal meeting was conceived so as to create a more cordial and friendly environment in which all the ASEAN Ministers and the Dialogue Partners can discuss and deliberate on issues in a more relaxed manner. Indeed, sometimes decisions and resolutions can best be made amongst friends gathered together, free from the shackles of protocol.

22. Yet informal though the sessions might be, I know that all of us here understand the seriousness of the matter at hand. Science and technology is an essential component of the future of ASEAN and we cannot afford not to place emphasis on its development in the region.

Ladies and gentlemen,

23. I hope all of you here will use this opportunity to discuss thoroughly the way forward for ASEAN’s S&T agenda and I hope this meeting of minds will yield positive results for the benefit of ASEAN. I wish you all the best in your deliberations, and on that note it is with great pleasure that I declare open the 4th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology.

Thank you.

 

 


Deputy Prime Minister’s Office
Putrajaya
28 August 2006

Chairman’s Press Statement of the 4th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (IAMMST) Kuantan, Malaysia, 29 August 2006

1.    The 4th Informal Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology was held on 28 August 2006 while the ASEAN Informal Ministerial Meeting + 3 Session (China, Japan and Korea) and + 1 Sessions with ASEAN’s Dialogue Partners namely Australia, India and New Zealand; and the ASEAN Ministers + Invited Dialogue Partners Working Lunch were held in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia on 28 and 29 August 2006. Ministers responsible for Science and Technology from Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand were represented by their respective Ministers while the rest, namely Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam were represented by their Deputy or Vice Ministers or its equivalent.  The Deputy Secretary General of ASEAN, ASEAN Secretariat and his Delegation were in attendance.

2.    On the occasion of the 4th IAMMST, the Ministers from six ASEAN Dialogue Partners were also invited to meet with the ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology. India is represented by the Minister of Science & Technology and Earth Sciences; Japan is represented by the State Minister of Science and Technology Policy, Cabinet’s Office; China and Korea by their respective Vice Ministers of Science and Technology; Australia by its Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Education, Science and Training and New Zealand by a Senior Officer from the Ministry of Research, Science and Technology.

3.    The 4th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology was officiated by the Right Honourable Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia on 28th August 2006.

4th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology

4.   The 4th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology, confined to the ASEAN Member Countries, was held on 28 August 2006.

5.   The Meeting endorsed in principle of the final draft of the ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology (APAST) for the period 2007 and 2011 and noted with appreciation the 4 flagship programmes in environment and disaster management; new and renewable energy; open source software system; food safety and security that the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (ASEAN-COST) will vigorously pursue for the said period.

6.    The Ministers expressed hope the new APAST would contribute to Member Countries in ASEAN in the transition stage; in modernising its agricultural economy and scaling up its industrial production economy, to move into the new economy, the Knowledge-based Economy, while at the same time assist in narrowing the disparity and development gap amongst Member countries of ASEAN.

7.    The Ministers realised the involvement of the private sector would be critical in realising the VAP and Vision 2020.  The Ministers agreed to organise a side event for the ASEAN private sector at their next meeting while at the same time tasked the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (ASEAN-COST) to find innovative ways and means to attract the participation of the private sectors in their activities.

8.    The Ministers were pleased to note that all Member Countries are making significant progress in their contributions to augment the ASEAN Science Fund (ASF) with the contribution of USD 1 million from each Member Countries over a period of 10 years. The Ministers agreed to approach their Dialogue Partners and invite them to contribute to the funds directly or through providing assistance in implementing the programmes and activities as outline in the APAST.

9.   The Ministers reiterated its suggestion for ASEAN-COST to consult their counterparts in other bodies and fora in ASEAN so as to join forces in addressing multisectoral issues such as emerging infectious disease, new energy and disaster management.

10.    The Ministers deliberated at length on the K-economy, setting direction and initiative in exploring each other strengths to implement R&D activities in the field of biotechnology, nanotechnology, ICT, and disaster management on a cost-sharing basis by leveraging on the commonalities between the national programmes of each Member Countries. The Ministers agreed to solicit Dialogue Partners cooperation, assistance and participation in the R&D projects, communication, innovation and as well human resource development in the fields of science and technology.

11.   As for new initiatives, the Meeting agreed for ASEAN Member Countries to develop common strategies to tackle natural disasters in an integrated manner. Malaysia expressed gratitude to Indonesia and Philippines for allowing Malaysia to place their tsunami warning buoys in their national waters and offered Viet Nam, China and Philippines to access the data from the third bouy that is to be located in Pulau Layang Layang.

12.    The Meeting took note of Thailand’s proposal to establish an ASEAN Centre for Infectious Diseases and urged each member country to identify their national centres for infectious diseases and to request Japan to assist in this area.

13.   The Meeting acknowledged that human resource development is key to the successful implementation of the flagship programmes and other S&T activities.  The Meeting supported the proposal by Thailand to establish the Network of Scientists and Researchers through the implementation of the R&D e-forum programme. The ASEAN-wide e-forum will facilitate exchange of ideas and  information among researchers in ASEAN member countries as well as enable the identification of R&D topics of common interest. The Meeting agreed for each country to identify one or two research areas that they wish to offer assistance to the newer member countries to reduce development gaps and accelerate integration.

Informal ASEAN + 3 (China, Japan and Korea) Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology

14.  The Informal ASEAN Plus Three Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology was chaired by H.E. Dato’ Sri Dr. Jamaludin Jarjis. Japan’s Delegation was led by  H.E. Iwao Matsuda, Minister for Science and Technology Policy. China and Korea were led by their Vice-Ministers of Science and Technology, namely H.E. Prof. Ma Songde and H.E. Dr. Park Young IL respectively.  It was the first time that the ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology are meeting their counterparts from the ASEAN Plus Three Countries.

15.   The Ministers and Heads of Delegations exchanged views on the current situation to explore possibilities in science and technology cooperation in the region in a frank and open atmosphere. The Chairman invited Members of the Meeting to highlight on the needs and expectation of ASEAN in moving up the economic value chain.

16.   The Ministers and Heads of Delegation shared the recognition that science and technology is one of the areas which has the most potential to promote regional cooperation. Ministers and Heads of Delegations shared the view that Asia is the driving force of the world economy and that science and technology is the source of power to keep or propel the momentum. They decided that to raise the level of science and technology in the region, efforts by each country and collaboration beyond national boundaries are very important.

17.    The Meeting took note of the current status of cooperation between ASEAN and  the Plus Three countries as well as new initiatives put forward by China, Japan and Korea ranging from cooperation in biofuel, traditional Chinese medicine, new energy, networks of research centres for emerging infectious diseases, disaster management, S&T human resource development programme. The meeting agreed to Japan’s proposal on Open-Access Database (Matsuda’s Innitiative) to promote international cooperation in S&T and to merge this project with Thailand S&T e-forum while at the same time taking into account of the existing databases networks. The Meeting welcomes the new initiatives from Korea on the proposal to establish ASEAN+3 centre for the gifted in science as well as the S&T cooperation road map. The ASEAN Ministers expressed their keen interest to implement the initiatives in a more concerted manner with the Plus Three countries providing its expertise and wherever possible some financial assistance to ASEAN, particularly to the new members of ASEAN.

18.    The Meeting also welcome China’s invitation to Naning  Expo and China’s offer on training programmes for the ASEAN Member Countries.
India

19.   The ASEAN +1 with India was co-chaired by H.E. Dr. Jamaludin Jarjis, Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia and H.E. Kapil Sibal,  Minister of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences. 

20.  In addition to the on-going active collaboration programmes between ASEAN and India in the fields of Biotechnology, ICT, Advanced materials and space technology applications, the Meeting thanked India for its offer to cooperate in relevant initiatives in the areas of infectious diseases; food security and natural disaster, among others.

21.   The ASEAN Ministers welcomed India’s initiatives to promote ASEAN as its partner for the Technology Summit and Technology Platform (TSTP) 2007 on 6-7 November 2006 in New Delhi, India. The ASEAN Ministers agreed that the ASEAN Delegation be led by Ministerial level participation of all ASEAN Member countries including representatives from the private sectors to the TSTP in India. The Malaysian Minister expressed his keenness to participate and lead the ASEAN Delegation. Under unforeseen circumstances, if the Malaysian Minister is not able to do so, then another Minister from another ASEAN Member country would lead the Delegation.

Australia and New Zealand

22.    The ASEAN Ministers and Heads of Delegation decided to meet the Heads of Delegations from Australia and New Zealand together with the consent of all parties concerned. The Informal Meeting of ASEAN + Australia and New Zealand were co-chaired by H.E. Dr. Jamaludin Jarjis, Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia with H.E. Pat Farmer, the Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Education, Science and Training for Australia and Dr. Wynn Ingram, the Representative of the Minister of Research, Science and Technology of New Zealand.

23.   The Meeting took note of the ASEAN-New Zealand Framework for Future Cooperation, 2006-2010 that aims to strengthen cooperation between ASEAN and New Zealand in the political and security fields, as well as in the economic and socio-cultural development and a number of projects and programmes have been identified.

24.   The Meeting welcomed Australia’s and New Zealand’s willingness to further the cooperation in the areas of human resource development, disasters mitigation or management and food security. ASEAN, Australia and New Zealand agreed to look into R&D collaboration in areas of mutual interest.

25. The Ministers of ASEAN and ASEAN Dialogue Partners and Members of their Delegations and the Organising Committee of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia conveyed their full hearted gratitude and thanked to His Royal Highness the Sultan of Pahang, the people and the Government of the State of Pahang for their support and warm hospitality.

 


Kuantan
29 August 2006

Joint Press Release Twenty First Meeting Of The ASEAN Committee On Science And Technology Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 4-8 September 1989

The Twenty First Meeting of the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST) was held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia on 4-8 September 1989. The Meeting was officially opened by His Excellency Sri Paku Alam VIII, the Governor of the Special Territory of Yogyakarta. The Meeting considered progress reports of on-going projects; assessed the development of cooperation programmes with ASEAN dialogue partners; and considered new project proposals and other relevant issues in the fields of science and technology. The Meeting was attended by delegates from Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. The ASEAN Secretariat was also represented.

Following the approval of the ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology by the authorities within the ASEAN machinery this Meeting marked a new phase of development in the field of science and technology.

In line with the reorganization of COST subsidiary Bodies, the Meeting decided on the necessary guidelines for the Sub-Committees future plan and activities. The Meeting adopted the structure and Terms of Reference of COST Sub-Committees and agreed to the chairmanship of each of the eight new subsidiary bodies as follows ;

  1. Sub-Committee on Food Science and Technology - Philippines

  2. Sub-Committee on Meteorology and Geophysics - Singapore

  3. Sub-Committee on Microelectronics and Computers - Singapore

  4. Sub-Committee on Materials Science and Technology - Indonesia

  5. Sub-Committee on Biotechnology - Thailand

  6. Sub-Committee on Non-Conventional Energy Research - Thailand

  7. Sub-Committee on Marine Sciences Indonesia

  8. Sub-Committee on Science and Technology Infrastructure and Resources Development Malaysia

The Meeting also discussed the Terms of Reference of the ASEAN Senior Officials on the Environment as a new body elevated from the ASEAN Experts Group on the Environment of COST, reporting directly to the ASEAN Standing Committee and the Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers on the Environment.

The Meeting noted further that the establishment of the ASEAN Science Fund was approved at the Fourth Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers on Science and Technology with a seed contribution from each member country. The ASEAN Science Fund would be a common regional fund to be utilized solely for science and technology activities. An Advisory Body has been set up to assist ASEAN COST to manage the fund. Malaysia has been elected as the first Chairman of this body.

The Meeting agreed on the guidelines and general principles for the operation of the ASEAN Science Fund.

The Meeting reviewed regional cooperative research and development projects in food, non-conventional energy, environment, climatology, marine sciences, biotechnology, microelectronics, and materials science. It also discussed the project on the management of science and technology, as well as, the continuing publication of the ASEAN Journal of Science and Technology for Development. New project proposals were also considered. ASEAN cooperation in science and technology with dialogue partners, namely Australia, Canada, the European Community, Japan New Zealand, the United States, and UNDP was also reviewed.

The ASEAN delegates expressed their appreciation to the Government and the people of Indonesia for the warm hospitality accorded them and the excellent arrangements made for the Meeting. The next meeting of COST will be held in Malaysia tentatively scheduled for March 1990.

Chairman’s Press Statement for the Informal Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology between ASEAN and Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea and New Zealand Kuantan, Malaysia, 29 August 2006

The Informal Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology Between ASEAN and Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea and New Zealand was held on 29 August 2006 at the side of the 4th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology in Kuantan, Pahang. This Informal Meeting was chaired by the Honourable Dato’ Sri Dr. Jamaludin bin Dato’ Mohd. Jarjis Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation Malaysia and co-chaired by H.E. Minister Matsuda, Minister for Science and Technology Policy of Japan, who had earlier proposed the idea of convening an Asian Science and Technology Ministerial Meeting. The Meeting provided the opportunity for the Ministers and Heads of Delegations for Science and Technology of Member Countries of ASEAN to meet with their counterparts from Australia, People’s Republic of China, Republic of India, the Republic of Korea and New Zealand. All Ministers and Heads of Delegation of ASEAN Member Countries and ASEAN’s other Dialogue Partners, namely Australia, China, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand, and the Deputy Secretary-General of ASEAN, and members of their delegations were present at the Informal Meeting.

The Ministers and Heads of Delegation exchanged views on various matters pertaining to regional cooperation as they recognised the potential benefits from regional cooperation in the field of science and technology at large. The Ministers shared the views that the following areas are promising for regional cooperation: technology for disaster contingency planning, infectious diseases, energy and environment, human resource development in S&T, collaboration in new emerging technologies such as biotechnology and nanotechnology, and international industry-academia-government collaboration.

The Ministers discussed regional and international developments, in particular on energy security and disaster management and emergency response.  ASEAN welcomed the continued support by the Dialogue Partners in regional cooperation on regional disaster management and relief. The Meeting acknowledged that energy security should be strengthened through interdependence and cooperation to ensure greater access to adequate, reliable and cost-effective energy supply to achieve economic, social and environmental objectives.

The Ministers and Heads of Delegations recognised the importance of promoting joint study, exchange of researchers, and industry-academia collaboration across national boundaries. They welcomed the proposal from Japan to construct an Open-Access Database to promote regional cooperation in the area of science and technology.

The Ministers and Heads of Delegations shared the view that the Informal Meeting offered an exceptional opportunity to promote regional cooperation and propose to convene the meeting of 16 countries. The Ministers and Heads of Delegations reguested the ASEAN Secretariat and other 6 countries to prepare the formality of the meeting as soon as possible.

The Ministers of ASEAN and ASEAN Dialogue Partners and Members of their Delegations and the Organising Committee of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia conveyed their full hearted gratitude and thanked to His Royal Highness the Sultan of Pahang, the people and the Government of the State of Pahang for their support and warm hospitality.

 


Kuantan
29 August 2006

MINISTERIAL DECLARATION ON THE ESTABLISHMENT AND OPERATION OF THE ASEAN VIRTUAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (AVIST)

WE, ASEAN Ministers responsible for Science and Technology, considering the important role of science and technology for economic development in the region and supporting the overall regional goals of enhancing economic integration and building competitiveness, seek to contribute to the realization of these goals by strengthening the research and development (R&D) infrastructure and human resource base in science, technology and engineering in the ASEAN Member Countries;
 
CONSIDERING the call made by ASEAN Vision 2020 for “a technologically competitive ASEAN competent in strategic and enabling technologies, with an adequate pool of technologically qualified and trained manpower, and strong networks of scientific and technological institutions”;

RECALLING the support at the highest levels of leadership in ASEAN, in particular at the 3rd Informal Summit in Manila on 27-28 November 1999, for the idea of an ASEAN virtual institute of science and technology;

RECALLING further the advocacy of the Hanoi Plan of Action for the implementation of a science and technology human resource development programme to address the needs of business and industry;

ASSERTING that a key to technological competitiveness in a globalised knowledge economy is the strong capability for research, development and innovation, of which a pool of highly technically skilled human resources is an important component;

RECOGNISING the rapid advances of information and communications technologies and their applications in education that allow for virtual modes of teaching and learning to complement and enrich the traditional modes;


ACKNOWLEDGING the shared goals and partnerships formed with relevant institutions within and from outside of ASEAN to promote science and technology human resource development;

DESIRING to conclude an agreement with a view to ensuring the establishment and operation of appropriate science and technology infrastructure and mechanisms to support human resource development;


HEREBY DECLARE TO:

1. ACT collectively to further strengthen the science and technology human resource development programme in the ASEAN region through the establishment of an ASEAN Virtual Institute of Science and Technology (AVIST), which aims to contribute to the development of science and technology human resources in ASEAN member countries through continuing professional education opportunities to various science and technology sectors by leveraging on the innovative use of information and communication technologies.

2. DIRECT the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST) to initiate linkages and form partnerships among R&D institutions, academic institutions, professional organizations, private sector and industries and other similar learned societies and forge mutually agreeable and beneficial managerial, technical and financial arrangements to facilitate the establishment and sustain the operations of AVIST.

3. URGE our colleagues in the education agencies to support the AVIST by encouraging the academic institutions under their purview to make available their faculty expertise, technical facilities and administrative mechanisms for the implementation of AVIST programmes, such that they may benefit from the synergy of pooled resources within AVIST.

4. REQUEST Thailand to draw upon its extensive national experience in the design, development and implementation of virtual teaching and learning systems and take a major role in leading the AVIST through its start-up phase.

5. DEVELOP AVIST into a sustainable and effective platform for creating an environment for life-long learning and innovation in the ASEAN region.

Done in Tagaytay, the Republic of the Philippines, this 26th day of November Two Thousand and Four, on the occasion of the 3rd Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology.

 


For the Government of Brunei Darussalam:

 

 

HON. PEHIN ORANG KAYA SETIA PAHLAWAN
DATO SERI SETIA DR. AWANG HAJI AHMAD BIN HAJI JUMAT
Minister of Development

 

For the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia:

 

 

H.E. MR. KHLAUT RANDY
Secretary of State
Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy

 

For the Government of the Republic of Indonesia:

 

 

H.E. PROF. DR. KUSMAYANTO KADIMAN
Minister of State for Research and Technology

 

 

 


For the Government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic:

 

 

H.E. MR. KHAMPHANH THAMPHITHAK
Director-General
Science and Technology and Environment Agency

 

For the Government of Malaysia

 

 

H.E. DATO’ SRI DR. JAMALUDDIN MOHD. JARJIS
Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation

 

For the Government of the Union of Myanmar:

 

 

H.E. DR. CHAN NYEIN
Deputy Minister
Ministry of Science and Technology

 

For the Government of the Republic of the Philippines:

 


H.E. DR. ESTRELLA F. ALABASTRO
Secretary of Science and Technology

 


For the Government of the Republic of Singapore:

 

 

H.E. MS. LIM KHENG HUA
Ambassador of the Republic of Singapore to
the Republic of the Philippines

 

For the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand:

 

 

H.E. MR. KORN THAPPARANSI
Minister of Science and Technology

 

For the Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam:

 

 

H.E. DR. TRAN QUOC THANG
Vice-Minister
Ministry of Science and Technology

TENTH ASEAN MINISTERIAL MEETING ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (AMMST) 16 October 2003, Luang Prabang

CHAIRMAN’S PRESS STATEMENT


1. The Tenth ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST) was held on 16 October 2003 in Luang Prabang, Lao PDR.  The Meeting was attended by Science and Technology Ministers and other high-level officials of the ten ASEAN Member Countries.  The Secretary-General of ASEAN and members of his delegation were also in attendance.

Opening Ceremony

2. The Meeting was formally opened by H.E. Mr. Bounnhang Vorachith, Prime Minister of the Lao PDR.  In his keynote address, the Prime Minister cited the importance of science and technology not only as a direct productive force and prerequisite for national development but as a driving force for peace and international cooperation as well. 

3. The Prime Minister further highlighted that in the ASEAN regional context, cooperation projects among the ASEAN member countries and with external partners have promoted science and technology capacity building to help improve the competitiveness of ASEAN economies.  He stated that within the Lao PDR, the government is committed to give special attention to research and development, and the transfer of technology by implementing a wide range of national plans.

4. Delegates to the Meeting were welcomed by H.E. Prof. Dr. Bountiem Phissamay, Minister to the Prime Minister’s Office and President of the Science, Technology and Environment Agency (STEA) and Chairman of the Meeting.  In his welcome remarks, the Minister described the AMMST as a demonstration of ASEAN’s strong desire for cooperation and collaboration in science and technology applications for development in the region.  He expressed the hope that the Meeting would result in fruitful discussions, creative and concrete guidance and decisions of the Ministers on current and future crucial issues, as well as valuable directives for regional cooperation among the ASEAN countries for sustainable development.

5. The Chairman also expressed on behalf of the ASEAN S&T Ministers his congratulations to China for its major achievement of a successful first manned space mission.  He cited China’s emerging role as an important partner of ASEAN in science and technology cooperation.

Exchange of views on S&T issues

6. During the Meeting, the ASEAN S&T Ministers exchanged views on current issues that bear upon science and technology development at the national and regional levels.   Through their opening statements, the Ministers discussed their national strategies and priorities and placed them in the context of ASEAN’s goals of regional economic integration and competitiveness.

7. There was a consistent voice raised by the newer ASEAN member countries calling for continuing implementation of the ASEAN-help-ASEAN projects of the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST).  The ASEAN-help-ASEAN scheme was launched by COST to assist the newer member countries, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam (CLMV) build up their S&T capability to facilitate their integration into the mainstream of ASEAN S&T cooperation programmes.  The previous initiatives launched by the older member countries to promote S&T capacity building, especially human resource development, to assist in the development of a highly technically skilled workforce in the newer member countries had been found to be valuable.

8. In this regard, Thailand announced that its programme of offering research attachment fellowships to biotechnology researchers from CLMV will be extended through to 2005. 

9. Likewise, Indonesia offered to cover local costs of scientists and researchers from CLM countries to conduct doctoral level research at various R&D facilities of Indonesia, and to participate in specially designed training courses to cater to the needs of the CLM countries.  One such training course being planned for implementation in 2004 is a course on technology management.

Progress in regional S&T cooperation

10. The Ministers also reviewed the progress of implementation of previous S&T Ministerial decisions.  They were especially pleased to note the initiatives being made to engage the private sector in regional S&T cooperation, and called for increased efforts to achieve greater private sector commitment and involvement in R&D activities.  The Ministers noted that mobilizing private sector resources for ASEAN S&T cooperation activities was one way of addressing another important issue being faced by the S&T sector, that of generating sufficient resources to support the implementation of the ASEAN Plan of Action on S&T and the S&T programmes identified in the Hanoi Plan of Action.

Implications of the Bali Summit on S&T activities

11. The Ministers also looked at the science and technology dimensions of decisions made by the ASEAN Leaders at the recently concluded ASEAN Summit in Bali on 5-8 October 2003, as embodied in the Declaration of ASEAN Concord II (Bali Concord II).  In particular, the Ministers noted that the vision of realizing an ASEAN Economic Community as described in Bali Concord II called for technical and development cooperation to address the development divide within ASEAN, addressing, among others, human resources development and capacity building; recognition of educational qualifications; and enhancing private sector involvement.

12. Similarly, the Ministers noted that the vision of an ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community as articulated in Bali Concord II called for investing more resources for basic and higher education, training, science and technology development, job creation and social protection.

13. The Ministers agreed to carry on the momentum gained from the Bali Summit and implement programmes that will respond to the calls made by Bali Concord II that relate to science and technology concerns.

14. Implementation of the Ministerial decisions will be done by the ASEAN COST and its Sub-Committees.  Monitoring of the progress of implementation will be done in subsequent meetings of the S&T Ministers.

15. The ASEAN Ministers for S&T will hold an informal meeting in 2004 in the Philippines, while the 11th AMMST will be hosted by Indonesia in 2005.

SECOND INFORMAL ASEAN MINISTERIAL MEETING ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (AMMST) 17 January 2003 Yangon, Myanmar

JOINT PRESS STATEMENT


Introduction

The Second Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST) was held in Yangon on 17 January 2003.  The Meeting was preceded by the Preparatory Senior Officials Meeting for the 2nd Informal AMMST on 16 January 2003.

The Meeting was officially opened by His Excellency General Khin Nyunt, Secretary-1 of the State Peace and Development Council of the Union of Myanmar. In his Inaugural Address,  General Khin Nyunt  underlined that Myanmar recognizes the important role of science and technology in developing the country’s competitive edge in a global economy.

He further elaborated Myanmar’s science and technology policy and strategic thrusts that included the promotion of information and communication technology as a base for building a software industry, for which Myanmar had established an ICT park in Yangon.

General Khin Nyunt concluded with a reaffirmation of  Myanmar’s commitment to ASEAN cooperation in all spheres, including science and technology.   He called on the S&T Ministers to consider programmes and projects that would help the region boost its competitiveness in strategic and enabling technologies, as this is among the goals of ASEAN Vision 2020.  He emphasized that among such programmes, human resource development should be accorded high priority, as it will contribute to the development of highly skilled S&T personnel in the region.

The Meeting was attended by H.E. Pehin Dato Hj. Hussin bin Hj. Sulaiman, High Commissioner of Brunei Darussalam in Myanmar, representing the Minister of Development of Brunei Darussalam;  H.E. Mr. Nhep Bunchin, Secretary of State, Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy of the Kingdom of Cambodia;  Dr. Ashwin Sasongko, Secretary to Ministry of Research and Technology, representing the  Minister of Research and Technology of Indonesia; H.E. Prof. Dr. Souli Nanthavong, Minister to the Prime Minister’s Office, President of National Science Council  of Lao PDR; H.E. Dato’ Seri Law Hieng Ding, Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment of Malaysia;  H.E. Mr. U Thaung, Minister of Science and Technology of the Union of Myanmar; H.E. Dr. Estrella F. Alabastro, Secretary of Science and Technology of the Philippines; H.E. Dr. Vivian Balakrishnan, Minister of State for National Development of Singapore; H.E.  Mr. Phinij Jarusombat, Minister of  Science and Technology of Thailand; and H.E. Dr. Bui Manh Hai, Vice-Minister of Science and Technology, representing the Minister of Science and Technology of Viet Nam, and their respective delegations. Dato' Ahmad Mokhtar Selat, Deputy Secretary General representing the Secretary General of ASEAN, and his delegation also attended the Meeting.

 H.E. Mr. U Thaung chaired the Meeting, and H.E. Mr. Souli Nanthavong was elected Vice Chair of the Meeting.

The focus of the Ministers’ discussions was the role of science and technology in supporting the twin regional goals of integration and competitiveness.  The Ministers highlighted the vital role of a strong science and technology base in building a competitive knowledge economy in ASEAN, and the regional strategies and approaches that would lead to the achievement of that goal.  They cited some of their national strategies that they believed could be successfully extended to the regional level such as forming smart partnerships with the private sector, targeting S&T human resource development to respond to the immediate needs of business and industry, and promoting an entrepreneurial culture among scientists and researchers.

Long-term vision for ASEAN science and technology cooperation
   
The Ministers reaffirmed their long-term vision of establishing an ASEAN Science and Technology Community for Innovation, Competitiveness and Knowledge (ASTICK).  In this context, the Ministers tasked the Committee on Science and Technology (COST) to continue with the ongoing efforts to formulate the programme framework of ASTICK, bearing in mind the overall ASEAN economic and social development goals and the rapidly evolving policy trends in these sectors.
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S&T activities for ASEAN integration

The Ministers noted with satisfaction the successful implementation of the country initiatives launched in the past year under the ASEAN-help-ASEAN scheme of COST, a programme designed to promote S&T capacity building in the newer member countries and facilitate their integration into the mainstream regional S&T cooperation activities.    They shared the view that the momentum built up by the eight training activities launched in the past year should be maintained by offering other similar initiatives.  They thanked ASEAN member countries who announced new offers of assistance under the ASEAN-help-ASEAN scheme.  These were Malaysia, for its new offer of scholarships for ASEAN participants in various training courses on Precision Computer Numerically-Controlled Engineering to be conducted in 2003 at the Malaysian Technology Park in Kuala Lumpur; Thailand, for its offer to all member countries to use their ground receiving facilities for remote sensing satellite data, as well as training on remote sensing and geographic information systems technologies at fundamental and advanced levels; and Brunei Darussalam for its offer to hold a seminar on genetically modified organisms (GMO) and a seminar on infrastructure.

The Ministers further noted that there were many possibilities and opportunities to enhance the ASEAN-help-ASEAN programme by leveraging on activities that the member countries undertake nationally or in cooperation with multilateral organizations and extending the benefit of such activities to the other ASEAN member countries.  In view of this, the Ministers agreed as a basic commitment that whenever possible, a country’s national programmes and also those activities they carry out in cooperation with UN and other similar bodies be  extended to the other ASEAN member countries.

Public awareness programme in S&T

Recalling their continuing concern with the need to heighten public awareness of ASEAN S&T cooperation programmes, the Ministers reviewed the progress of the public awareness programmes that have been initiated.  They looked forward to the imminent re-activation of the website of the ASEAN Science and Technology Network (ASTNET) which is envisioned to serve as ASEAN’s gateway to science and technology information and knowledge in the region and in the rest of the world.  They commended the partnership of the ASEAN Secretariat and the Indonesian Ministry of Research and Technology in working on the website and acknowledged the technical assistance of the Indonesian government in arranging the use of its document-sharing software for the exclusive use of ASTNET and committing to mobilize human resources as needed for the continuing maintenance and updating of the ASTNET website. 

The Ministers also commended the cooperation initiated by COST with the ASEAN Committee on Culture and Information (COCI) to implement more public awareness programmes. They encouraged the further mobilization of COCI networks and resources to bring out more information materials and publications, such as and ASEAN S&T Development series of articles that would highlight global technology developments and ASEAN’s niche in such developments.

The Ministers also called for more public awareness activities that would promote public discussion and debate on the impact of science and technology on society, citing as examples the current issues of genetic engineering and cloning.   However, the Ministers emphasized that national activities could contribute greatly to the regional effort of promoting public awareness not only in science and technology but to the overall ASEAN image as well.

ASEAN Science Fund

The Ministers reviewed the progress of the augmentation of the ASEAN Science Fund, which they launched by way of signing an agreement during the First Informal AMMST in Malaysia in April 2000.   They agreed that the Fund needed to be financially strengthened further so that it could support more projects.  The Ministers agreed that tapping the private sector was one way of obtaining additional resources for ASEAN science and technology cooperation programmes.  They directed the ASEAN COST to lay the groundwork for engaging the private sector by developing concrete business plans for enterprises that could be spun off some joint R&D activities of COST and which could attract investments from,  and partnerships with, the private sector.

ASEAN+3 cooperation in science and technology

The Ministers welcomed the opportunity to add value to the separately active and successful S&T cooperation programmes with China, Japan and the Republic of Korea through the opening of a broader platform of cooperation under the ASEAN+3 framework.  To this end, they directed COST to accelerate laying the groundwork for a productive ASEAN+3 cooperation in science and technology by proposing concrete mechanisms for identifying projects and funding modalities  and looked forward to a possible  S&T ministerial meeting among the ASEAN+3 countries sometime in the future.

In this regard, the Ministers agreed that the mechanism of country-led initiatives that is proving to be effective in the case of ASEAN-help-ASEAN schemes could also be applied to ASEAN+3 activities.  Bilateral projects with China, Korea and Japan  and ASEAN+1 projects with the three  could be expanded into ASEAN+3 projects, with one country acting as lead shepherd or coordinator of certain projects where they have national strength.

With regard to funding of ASEAN+3 projects, the Ministers agreed that ASEAN would be prepared for cost-sharing, but would also tap the resources of the +3 Dialogue Partners if they would offer some support, with the newer member countries Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam accorded priority in accessing such resources.

Next  ASEAN S&T Ministerial meeting

The Ministers noted that Lao PDR was tentatively scheduled to host the next meeting of the S&T Ministers in late 2003, pending approval by the Lao PDR government.  In accordance with a previous decision of the AMMST, providing for yearly but alternating formal and informal meetings, the next meeting would be the 10th Formal AMMST .

The Ministers expressed their sincere appreciation to the Government of the Union of Myanmar, in particular the Ministry of Science and Technology, for the generous hospitality accorded them and the excellent arrangements made for the Meeting.

Ninth ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology 17-18 September 2001, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei darussalam

JOINT PRESS STATEMENT

 


 

  1. The 9th Formal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (AMMST) was held in Bandar Seri  Begawan, Brunei Darussalam on 17-18 September 2001.  The Meeting was chaired by The Honourable Dato Seri Paduka Dr. Hj. Ahmad bin Hj. Jumat, Acting Minister of Development of Brunei Darussalam, and attended by Science and Technology Ministers and Senior Officials from the ten ASEAN Member Countries.  The Deputy Secretary General of ASEAN and staff of the ASEAN Secretariat were also in attendance.  The Meeting reviewed the progress of science and technology cooperation in ASEAN and set directions for future activities.
  2. The Ministers reaffirmed their resolve to harness science and technology for meeting many challenges that the region faces as it enters the new millennium.   They adopted the Implementation Framework for 2001-2004 of the ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology as a road map for the development of regional programmes and projects over the medium-term leading to the realization of ASEAN’s long-term vision of technological competitiveness.  The Action Plan prescribes the strategic thrusts and actions that will foster intensified regional cooperation on science and technology development over the next 20 years.  The programmes specified in the Action Plan are characterized by a strong thematic focus, interdisciplinary scope and cross-sectoral reach.  The Action Plan also seeks to give impetus to collaboration between the public and private sectors in promoting research and technology development.
  3. For the short- to medium-term, 2001 to 2004, the Implementation Framework focuses on the “ASEAN-help-ASEAN” concept, a framework adopted by the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST) to develop and implement projects aimed at enabling the newer ASEAN Member Countries to move up the learning curve and become economically competitive through the acquisition of technical skills and technological prowess.  The concept essentially leverages on the national experiences and resources of the older, more developed ASEAN Member Countries to promote human resource development and institutional strengthening in the newer ones, and thus accelerate their integration into the mainstream of ASEAN cooperation in science and technology.
  4. Some initiatives under this concept have already been launched.  These include short training courses in food safety techniques and practices offered by Singapore to Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam, and training and technology transfer in drying technology for Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar. Similarly Thailand has offered training in food biotechnology to the same 4 countries.  Indonesia will be conducting two training courses in November 2001, one in IT applications in hydrology, and another on technology management.  Local costs for participants from ASEAN Member Countries will be borne by Indonesia, but for the participants from the newer Member Countries, additional support in the form of air travel will be given.  At the Meeting, Malaysia also announced its offer of a training course in Risk Analysis and Food Safety to all ASEAN Member Countries, with participants from Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam receiving local support.
  5. Although the initiatives are done on a small scale at this time, the Ministers noted their potential for fast-track implementation and called upon the Member Countries to consider launching more such programmes. The Ministers also agreed to integrate the regional cooperation programmes more deeply into their national S&T development plans in order to ensure greater national funding commitment to the regional programmes. 
  6. The Ministers also endorsed the mid-term review report on the progress of implementation of science and technology programmes under the Hanoi Plan of Action.  The Hanoi Plan of Action (HPA) is the first in a series of action plans that would be implemented by ASEAN to realize the goals of ASEAN Vision 2020.  Implementation of the HPA has now reached the halfway point of its six year time frame from 1999 to 2004.  The Ministers noted the difficulties that had been encountered and recommended actions to address these problems.  These actions included further focusing of the S&T programmes in the HPA, launching of a new programme on promotion of public awareness of science and technology, and improving the institutional, managerial and coordination mechanisms at the national and regional level.
  7. The Ministers reviewed the status of the ASEAN Science Fund, particularly the progress of its augmentation which they approved in their Meeting in Malaysia last year.  The Fund is another mechanism of ASEAN science and technology cooperation, whereby the Member Countries contribute annually to a common fund which can be used to support projects on policy development and information dissemination, or provide seed money for technology development projects of the ASEAN COST.  The Ministers were pleased to note that the targets were largely being met.
  8. The Ministers also addressed the low level of awareness of science and technology in the region and called for intensified efforts to publicise the achievements of science and technology cooperation in the region.  Thus the Ministers supported the development of a programme to promote people-to-people contacts among ASEAN scientists and technologists as part of an “ASEAN-know-ASEAN” framework that would parallel its “ASEAN-help-ASEAN” programme.  They also called for an outreach programme to raise the level of S&T awareness of the media, government and business leaders, schools and the general public.  In this regard, they commended the launching of the book “ASEAN from Space”, published by the Sub-Committee on Space Technology and Applications (SCOSA), which shows the ASEAN Member Countries through satellite images.  The Member Countries shared the costs of publication of the book.
  9. The Ministerial Meeting coincided with the opening of the 6th ASEAN Science and Technology Week (ASTW). The ASTW was inaugurated by The Honourable Pehin Orang Kaya Laila Setia Bakti Diraja Dato Laila Utama Awang Haji Isa bin Pehin Datu Perdana Menteri Dato Laila Utama Awang Haji Ibrahim, Special Adviser to His Majesty The Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam in The Prime Minister’s Office cum The Minister of Home Affairs. The 6th ASTW features the ASEAN Science Congress and 9 technical conferences in the areas of cooperation under ASEAN COST. The highlight of the ASEAN Science Congress was the public lecture on “100 years of Nobel Prize and It’s Impact on Human Welfare through Science and Technology” by Professor Janne Carlsson, President of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Administrator of Nobel Prizes in Physics and Chemistry. A Biotechnology Forum discussing vital issues on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) was also held. There were also technical exhibits mounted by the ASEAN Member Countries, the Sub-Committees of ASEAN COST, some Dialogue Partners of ASEAN and the private sector.  The activities of the 6th ASTW revolve around the theme “Science and Technology: Enhancing the Quality of Life”.
  10. The Ministers also led the ceremonies honouring the recipients of two prizes granted by ASEAN COST every three years in recognition of outstanding achievements of scientists and technologists in ASEAN.  These are the Outstanding Scientist Award and the Young Scientist Award.  Dr. Lourdes J. Cruz of the Philippines and Prof. Dr. Looi Lai Meng of Malaysia shared the Outstanding Scientist Award.  Dr. Cruz was cited for her work on biochemical characterization of conotoxin and other neuropeptides from Conus venoms and her research on anti-tuberculosis compounds from marine organisms.  Prof. Dr. Looi Lao Meng is an expert on diagnostic histopathology.  Associate Prof. Dr. Ahmad Fauzi bin Ismail of Malaysia won the Young Scientist Award for his work on production of novel oriented-skinned hollow fiber membranes. The Meritorious Service Awards were also given to seven recipients from the ASEAN member countries.
  11. The next Meeting of the ASEAN Science and Technology Ministers will be held in Myanmar in 2002.

Joint Press Release The 8th Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology Ha Noi, Viet Nam, 12-13 October 1998

1. The ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology met in Hanoi on 12-13 October 1998 to discuss regional cooperation in science and technology.

2. The Meeting was attended by the Ministers for Science and Technology or their representatives from Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, and members of their respective delegations. Representatives of the ASEAN Secretariat were also in attendance.

3. In separate opening statements, the Ministers recognised the new challenges being faced by the science and technology sector as the new millennium approaches. They recognised that the phenomenon of economic globalisation, the rise of the knowledge-based economy and the present economic slowdown in Asia have implications on the direction and priorities of science and technology development in ASEAN. They called for urgent, coordinated action from the science and technology sector to respond to the effects of these developments in the economic arena.

4. The Ministers urged a review of past modalities of S&T cooperation in ASEAN and agreed to adopt in principle the recommendations and guiding methodology proposed by the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST) to develop innovative systems for programme management and revenue generation and to establish and operate autonomous enterprises with the participation of institutions, industry and Dialogue Partners. The Ministers reiterated their previous call, made at their 7th Meeting in 1995 in Bangkok, of the need to involve the private sector and mobilise their resources for regional cooperative projects in science and technology.

5. As a first step, the Ministers agreed to augment the ASEAN Science Fund, to reach a target of $1 M contribution from each Member Country, to be paid over a ten-year period commencing next year. The schedule of payment will be determined by each Member Country according to its capacity to pay. However, to ensure that the Fund is used in an optimal way, the Ministers requested a review of the guidelines on usage of the Fund, including the composition and functions of the ASF Advisory Committee, and the maturity date of the Fund. They also asked that clear indicators and milestones that would allow a measurement of the success of the activities supported by the Fund be established.

6. In view of the need to respond to developments both in the technological and economic fronts that carry implications for the future of S&T in ASEAN, and to provide continuous guidance and impetus to the various S&T programmes being implemented by COST, the Ministers agreed on the need for them to meet regularly every three years, with an Informal Meeting in between. Malaysia will host the first Informal Meeting of the S&T Ministers.

7. The Ministers reviewed the implementation of the Medium-Term Programme for ASEAN S&T Development in the three-year period since it was adopted by the 7th Meeting of the S&T Ministers in Bangkok in 1995. They expressed satisfaction at the progress made thus far in human resource development, R&D and technology transfer activities. They noted with appreciation the achievements of the ASEAN Specialised Meteorological Centre (ASMC) especially its able technical support for ASEAN activities in the monitoring of transboundafy haze.

8. Noting that a number of projects implemented by COST jointly with Dialogue Partners, with the private sector or under a cost-sharing mechanism among Member Countries had resulted in tangible commercialisable outputs, the Ministers called for an urgent study of the relevant intellectual property rights (IPR) issues and requested COST to coordinate with other ASEAN bodies working on this subject.

9. The Ministers also viewed a demonstration of the website of the ASEAN Science and Technology Network (ASTNET), and expressed hopes that it would fulfill its promise of not only facilitating information exchanges among S&T organisations and institutions in the Member Countries and with the rest of the world, but also serving as an important information resource and link to the business sector. They agreed that it was an important project that needed to be put on a sustainable footing, and directed COST to work out a realistic funding plan for the project.

10. The Ministers were briefed on the progress of the preparations for the Hanoi Plan of Action which will be the road map towards the achievement of the goals of ASEAN enunciated in ASEAN Vision 2020 by the Heads of Governments at the 2nd Informal Summit in Kuala Lumpur last year. The Ministers endorsed the proposed actions to reach the goal of technological competitiveness and competence in strategic and enabling technologies, supporting in particular the implementation of the programme areas on promoting S&T development and information technology infrastructure, human resource development, and networking for promoting environmentally sound technologies.

11. The Ministers attended the opening session of the Fifth ASEAN Science and Technology Week on 12 October 1998 which was presided over by the Prime Minister of Vietnam, H.E. Mr. Phan Van Khai. Special keynote lectures were delivered by two eminent scientists, Prof. Dr. Arthur J. Carty, President of the National Research Council of Canada and Prof. Dr. Dang Vu Minh, Director of the Centre of Natural Sciences and Technology of Vietnam. With the theme "Science and Technology: A Dynamic Force Towards Sustainable Development in ASEAN", the Fifth ASTW features 8 concurrent scientific conferences with more than 400 scientific papers and poster presentations, and more than 60 booths for showcasing achievements in science and technology within the region and elsewhere.

12. The ASEAN S&T Ministers along with representatives from diplomatic missions, government officials, Member Country delegations, scientists and researchers witnessed the conferment of the ASEAN Science and Technology Awards in three categories: the ASEAN Outstanding Scientist and Technologist Award to Dr. Bienvenido Juliano of the Philippines, the ASEAN Young Scientist and Technologist Award to Dr. Sirirurg Songsivilai of Thailand, and the ASEAN Science and Technology Meritorious Service Awards to Mr. Lim Lam Keong of Brunei Darussalam, Prof. Samaun Samadikun of Indonesia, Dr. Chong Chok Ngee of Malaysia, Ms. Mercedes Soriano of the Philippines, Mrs. Rosa Tan of Singapore, Prof. Dr. Yongyuth Yuthavong of Thailand, and Dr. Le Dzung of Vietnam.

13. The Ministers agreed that the 9th Meeting will be held in Brunei Darussalam in 2001.

Joint Press Release The 7th Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology Bangkok, Thailand, 28-29 August 1995

1 . The Seventh Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology was held in Bangkok, Thailand on 28 to 29 August 1995.

2. The Meeting was attended by H.E. Pengiran Dato Seri Paduka Dr Haji Ismail bin Pengiran Haji Damit, Minister of Development, Brunei Darussalam; Professor Dr. Jose Roesma, Secretary of the Minister of State for Research and Technology on behalf of H.E. Professor Dr Ing B.J. Habibie, Minister of State for Research and Technology, Indonesia; H.E. Datuk Law Hieng Ding, Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment, Malaysia; H.E. Dr William G. Padolina, Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, the Philippines; H.E. Mr. Goh Chee Wee, Minister of State for Trade, Industry and Communications, Singapore; H.E. Mr. Yingpan Manasikarn, Minister of Science, Technology and Environment, Thailand; H.E. Professor Dang Huu, Minister of Science, Technology and Environment, Vietnam; and members of their delegations. Dr. Filemon A. Uriarte, Jr., Director, Functional Cooperation Bureau, ASEAN Secretariat, on behalf of the Secretary General of ASEAN, and members of his staff, were also in attendance.

3. H.E. Mr. Yingpan Manasikarn, the Minister of Science, Technology and Environment of Thailand declared the Meeting officially open. He welcomed the participation of Vietnam, for the first time as a new member of ASEAN. In his welcoming address, he stated that ASEAN has attained rapid stage of maturity and is gaining momentum both in the political and economic areas with an increase in intra-ASEAN trade following the signing of the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (AFTA). He stressed that science and technology should be the focus of future ASEAN cooperation. In addition, he mentioned the need to build greater intra-ASEAN cooperation and cooperation with other countries on science and technology. He pointed the need for member countries to rely on their own resources and make future investments on a cost-sharing basis to achieve mutual capability.

4. In accordance with ASEAN tradition, H.E. Mr. Yingpan Manasikarn, Minister of Science, Technology and Environment of Thailand, as host country; and H.E. Professor Dang Huu, Minister of Science, Technology and Environment of Vietnam; were unanimously elected Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Meeting, respectively.

5. The Meeting reviewed the progress made in the implementation of the recommendations of the 6th Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology held in Manila, Philippines on 2-3 February 1994 and noted the significant achievements of ASEAN cooperation in science and technology in the fields of food science and technology, meteorology and geophysics, microelectronics and information technology, materials science and technology, biotechnology, non- conventional energy research, marine sciences, and science and technology infrastructure and resources development.

6. The Meeting adopted the Medium Term Programme for ASEAN S&T Development (1996-2000) which contains the objectives, conceptual framework, strategies and actions, programme areas, activities and funding mechanisms for advancing ASEAN S&T cooperation up to the year 2000. The Medium Term Programme elaborates on the strategies stated in the Plan of Action on Science and Technology which the Ministers adopted during their previous meeting in Manila, 2-3 February 1 994. It incorporates the goals and specific objectives of the various Sub- committees, and defines the priority programme areas for 1996-2000. The thrust of the Programme is to promote technology transfer and commercialization, networking of centers of excellence, and science and technology awareness. The Medium Term Programme further builds up ASEAN's infrastructure for technology cooperation that will ultimately be self-sustaining and demand driven with the active participation of the private sector. In this connection, three projects were identified for possible implementation as models for cost-sharing, namely, ASEAN Science and Technology Information Network, Science and Technology Human Resources Development Programme, and Corrosion Prevention and Surface Protection.

7. The Meeting discussed inputs relating to new directions for enhancing S&T cooperation among ASEAN member countries for consideration at the 5th ASEAN Summit which is scheduled to be held in Bangkok on 14-1 5 December 1995.

8 . The Ministers attended the opening session of the Fourth ASEAN Science and Technology Week (FASTW) on 28 August 1995 which was graciously presided by H. R. H.. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn. Special and keynote 'addresses were delivered by high ranking officials from the scientific and research organizations of Australia, Canada, Japan and Thailand. With the theme of "Science and Technology: the Future of ASEAN", FASTW is holding 8 concurrent conferences with 600 registered participants and 100 booths for exhibits in -the fields of food science and technology, meteorology and geophysics, microelectronics and information technology,materialsscienceandtechnology,biotechnology.non-conventionalenergy research, marine sciences- and S&T infrastructure and resources development. In connection with FASTW, the ASEAN Science and Technology Awards were given in the following categories: ASEAN Young Scientist and Technologist Award, ASEAN Outstanding Scientist and Technologist Award and ASEAN Science and Technology Meritorious Service Award.

9. The Ministers had an informal meeting with the Honourable E.J. Lindsay, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Industry, Science and Technology of Australia and H.E. Mr.Isamu Sasaya, Deputy Minister for Science and Technology of Japan. The Ministers exchanged views on how to further strengthen cooperation on science and technology.

10. The Ministers agreed that Vietnam would host the Fifth ASEAN Science and Technology Week in September 1998.

11. The Ministers from Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam expressed their sincere appreciation to the Government and people of Thailand for the warm hospitality accorded them and the excellent arrangements made for the Meeting.

12. The Meeting was held in the traditional spirit of ASEAN cordiality and solidarity.

Joint Press Release The 6th Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology Manila, Philippines, 2-3 February 1994

  • The Sixth Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology was held in Manila from 2 to 3 February 1994.
  • The Meeting was attended by H.E. Pengiran Dato Seri Paduka Dr. Haji Ismail bin Pengiran Haji Damit, Minister of Development, Brunei Darussalam; H.E. Professor Dr. Ing. B.J. Habibie, Minister of State for Research and Technology, Indonesia; H.E. Datuk Law Hieng Ding, Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment, Malaysia; H.E. Dr. Ricardo T. Gloria, Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, the Philippines; H.E. Goh Chee Wee, Minister of State fortrade and Industry and Minister of State for Labour, Singapore; H.E. Preecha Musikul, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Thailand; and members of their delegations. H.E. Dato' Ajit Singh, Secretary-General of ASEAN, and members of his staff were also in attendance.
  • H.E. Fidel V. Ramos, President of the Republic of the Philippines, declared the Meeting officially open.
  • In his keynote address, the President stated that ASEAN has served well as the body through which regional consensus and political will have been manifested. He cited in particular the intensification and acceleration of regional cooperation in science and technology under the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (ASEAN COST), through projects that have produced notable results.
  • The President stressed the critical role that sci ence and technology could play to propel ASEAN to greater progress. He cited the challenge to ASEAN in general, and to ASEAN COST in particular, in improv ing ASEAN's competitiveness and advancing the goals of the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA). In this regard, the President underscored the importance of the Updated ASEAN Plan of Action in Science and Technology which was the highlight of the Ministerial Meeting.
  • In accordance with ASEAN tradition, H.E. Dr. Ricardo T. Gloria, Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, the Philippines, as the host country, and H.E. Preecha Musikul, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, Thailand, as the host of the next Meeting, were unanimously elected Chairman and Vice-Chairman of the Meeting, respectively,
  • The Meeting reviewed the progress made in the implementation of the recommendations of the 5th Meeting of the ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology in September 1992 in Singapore and noted the significant achievements of ASEAN cooperation in science and technology in the fields of food science and technology, meteorology and geophysics, micro electronics and information technology, materials sci ence and technology, biotechnology, non-conven tional energy research, marine sciences, and S&T infrastructure and resources development.
  • The Meeting noted that ASEAN's Dialogue Part ners, namely, Australia, Canada, the EC, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, US and UNDP, continue to make significant contributions to the development of S&T capabilities in ASEAN. The Meeting also noted that ASEAN cooperation in S&T has been expanded to cover Sectoral Dialogue with India and Consultative Relations with China. The Meeting further noted that Laos and Vietnam, as observers, could now participate in ASEAN projects on S&T on a case-by-case basis.
  • The Meeting adopted the updated ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology (1994) to further advance science and technology cooperation in AS EAN. The Plan of Action sets the direction of ASEAN scientific and technological cooperation activities for the coming years.
  • The Plan of Action contains five objectives and six strategies namely:

Objectives:

a) a high level of intra-ASEAN cooperation in science and technology that is synergistic and self-sustaining and having the active participation of the private sector;

b) a network of S&T infrastructure and pro grammes for public and private sector human resource development;

c) an active economically-beneficial institution industry technology transfer;

d) an enhanced state of public awareness of the importance of science and technology to ASEAN's economic development; and

e) an expanded S&T cooperation with the international community.

Strategies:

a) Supporting regionaI S&T programmes that are economically and socially beneficial to ASEAN.

b) Providing close coordination and management of S&T activities.

c) Developing S&T human resources.

d) Information networking of centres of excellence.

e) Promoting institution-industry technology transfer.

f) Promoting S&T awareness.

  • In line with the objectives, the Plan of Action calls for the further strengthening of the existing cooperation programmes and developing new programmes on standards and quality assurance and enabling tech nologies, such as remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS).
  • To support the implementation of the Plan of Action, the Ministers agreed to adopt the following measures aimed at greater self-reliance in funding S&T activities:

a) cost-sharing on the basis of country participa tion for the implementation of projects to be the primary modality for funding S&T activities;

b) the ASEAN Science Fund to be maintained in order to accommodate existing and future contributions; and

c) S&T projects to be submitted for funding support under the ASEAN Fund, as appropriate.

  • Towards the end of their meeting, the Ministers and their Senior Officials participated in a tree planting activity at the ASEAN Garden in Intramuros.
  • The Ministers agreed to hold the 7th Meeting of ASEAN Ministers for Science and Technology in Thailand in 1995 in conjunction with the 4th ASEAN Science and Technology Week.
  • The Ministers from Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand expressed their sincere appreciation to the Government and people of the Republic of the Philippines for the warm hospitality accorded them and the excellent arrangements made for the Meeting.
  • The Meeting was held in the traditional spirit of ASEAN cordiality and solidarity.