Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) and Narrowing the Development Gap (NDG)

Narrowing the Development Gap
Narrowing the Development Gap in ASEAN refers to reducing various forms of disparities among and within Member States where some pockets of underdevelopment persist.

Measures in the ASEAN Political Security, Socio-Cultural and Economic Community Blueprints are targeted at policy reforms for narrowing the development divide to foster regional cooperation, greater social and economic integration, consistent with the objective of building an ASEAN Community in 2015.

Initiative for ASEAN Integration
The ASEAN Heads of State at their Summit in 2000 launched the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) with the objectives of Narrowing the Development Gap (NDG) and accelerating economic integration of the newer members of ASEAN, namely Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, and Viet Nam (CLMV).

IAI Work Plans
The efforts to narrow the development gap will be driven mainly by the IAI Work Plan (IAI-WP). The six-year IAI-Work Plans have been developed to assist the CLMV countries as well as ASEAN's other sub-regions to ensure that the economic wheels of their economies move at an accelerated pace. The first phase of the Work Plan covered the years 2002 to 2008. The current Work Plan (IAI-WP II) is based on key programme areas in the three Blueprints for the ASEAN Community: ASEAN Political-Security Community Blueprint, ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint.

IAI Development Cooperation Forum (IDCF)
To accelerate the pace of implementing the IAI, the IAI Development Cooperation Forum (IDCF) was established to serve as the main venue for engaging ASEAN's Dialogue Partners and other donors in a collective dialogue on the IAI Work Plan. Four Forums have been organized since 2002.

IAI Task Force
The IAI Task Force, comprised of representatives of the Committee of Permanent Representatives and its working group from all ten ASEAN member states, is in charge of providing “general advice” and policy guidelines and directions in the design and implementation of the IAI Work Plan. All 10 ASEAN Member States are represented in the IAI Task Force, with the Task Force  chaired by representatives of the four CLMV countries. Chairmanship is rotated annually in alphabetical order. The chair for 2014 is Cambodia.

ASEAN Secretariat - IAI and NDG Division
The ASEAN Secretariat, in particular through the IAI and NDG Division, supports the implementation and management of the IAI Work Plan and activities of other sub-regional frameworks. This includes servicing meetings, assisting in the formulation, implementation, monitoring and reporting of projects, resource mobilization and overall operational coordination among the various bodies working on IAI. A key activity of the Division is initiating closer cooperation with the Dialogue Partners and international agencies as well as the private sector in ASEAN to develop strategies and programmes to assist in implementing IAI and NDG projects.

IAI and NDG Fact Sheet
Frequently Asked Questions

Narrowing the Development Gap (NDG) Lecture Series

The NDG Lecture Series, organized by the ASEAN Secretariat through its IAI and NDG Division, explores salient issues in narrowing various forms of development gaps in ASEAN. Convening a set of expert practitioners, academics, and decision-makers, this public lecture series aims to create a venue to share both theoretical and evidence-based observations, policy suggestions and practical solutions to addressing NDG issues.

The target audience for the Lecture Series will be comprised of IAI Stakeholders (country representatives, ASEAN Secretariat, sectoral body representatives, academics, researchers, private sector) and other relevant stakeholders for the topic at hand.

Each lecture is co-designed and co-presented with relevant development partners and institutions.

Lecture Materials

• NDG LS No. 1: Regional Overview and Policy Issues Facing CLMV growth (18 March 2013, 10am to 12nn, Jakarta) | Download files

For the inaugural lecture of the NDG Lecture Series, Dr. Kensuke Tanaka, Head of the Asia Desk of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Centre elaborated on the main drivers of growth in the Asia and the ASEAN region in particular, the untapped potential of ASEAN’s newer Member States of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam, and the policy challenges they each face.

• NDG LS No. 2: Implementation of Regional Cooperation Initiatives to Narrow the Development Gap (16 May 2013, 3pm to 5pm, Jakarta) | Download files | Photos

Co-organized with the Japan International International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the lecture tackled the on-going and proposed improvements on the modes and systems of development cooperation for narrowing the development gap in ASEAN. Speakers included Amb. Rodolfo Severino of the ASEAN Studies Centre, Dr Sachiko Ishikawa of JICA, and Dr Peter van Diermen of the Indonesian National Team for Accelerating Poverty Reduction.Co-organized with the Japan International International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the lecture tackled the on-going and proposed improvements on the modes and systems of development cooperation for narrowing the development gap in ASEAN. Speakers included Amb. Rodolfo Severino of the ASEAN Studies Centre, Dr Sachiko Ishikawa of JICA, and Dr Peter van Diermen of the Indonesian National Team for Accelerating Poverty Reduction.

• NDG LS No. 3: Defining the Gap, Zooming in on the Health Sector (17 May 2013, 1pm to 3pm, Jakarta) | Download files | Photos

Co-organized with AusAID, the lecture presented findings from the latest  publication “Narrowing the Development Gap in ASEAN: Drivers and Policy Options”, particularly on defining the gap based on the quality of life outcomes in income, education and health, and looked closer at the development gaps and policies in the Health sector as a case study. Dr McGillivray, one of the book authors, presented the findings. Dr Khanchit Limpakarnjanarat of the World Health Organisation and Dr Ferdinal Fernando of the ASEAN Secretariat tackled the gaps in the health sector.

IAI Work Plan I (2002-2008)


IAI WORK PLAN

Narrowing the Development Gap within ASEAN:
Assisting New Member Countries
(Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Viet Nam)

 July 2002 – June 2008


INTRODUCTION

At the Fourth ASEAN Informal Summit held on 22-25 November 2000 in Singapore, the ASEAN Leaders agreed to launch an Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI), which gives direction to and sharpens the focus of collective efforts in ASEAN to narrow the development gap within ASEAN as well as between ASEAN and other parts of the world.

In ensuing the decision to launch the IAI, the Thirty Fourth Meeting of ASEAN Ministerial Meeting (AMM) on 23-24 July 2001 in Ha Noi, adopted the Ha Noi Declaration on Narrowing the Development Gap for Closer ASEAN Integration. At the 35th AMM held on 29 July 2002 in Brunei Darussalam, Foreign Ministers endorsed the IAI Work Plan and the list of programmes and project proposals. The Ministers agreed to devote special efforts and resources to promote effective cooperation and mutual assistance to narrow the development gap among ASEAN Member Countries for the sake of dynamic and sustained growth of the region and prosperity of the peoples. 

Within this context, the IAI Work Plan for Narrowing the Development Gap within ASEAN: Assisting New Member Countries is prepared with the aim to reduce the development gaps among ASEAN Member Countries and expedite greater regional economic integration, promote equitable economic development and help alleviate poverty in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Viet Nam (CLMV).

The IAI Work Plan for CLMV will focus on the priority areas of infrastructure development, human resource development, information and communications technology and promoting regional economic integration in the CLMV countries. 

The Work Plan will be implemented on a six-year basis.  Annual reviews will be carried out to allow necessary redirections of the programme objectives and revisions of the programme outputs.

The Ministers at the 35th AMM in July 2002 at Brunei Darussalam endorsed the work plan and agreed that the Work Plan would be a dynamic document which would continue to reflect ASEAN’s commitment, priority and responses to changing circumstances. To reflect the robustness of the Work Plan, the term “IAI Rolling Work Plan” will be used.

I. INFRASTRUCTURE

 

 

 

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE: Improve access, efficiency and quality of transport and energy infrastructure networks of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam in order to enhance their regional economic competitiveness and integration.

      View Table

 

II. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

 

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE: Increase human resource capacity in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Viet Nam with the aim to further economic growth and increase ASEAN’s competitiveness

 

 

 

 


 

 

SECTION I: INDICATIVE OVERALL PUBLIC SECTOR CAPACITY BUILDING

 

 

Program Area

Program Objective

Program Outputs

 

Category

Implementation / Completion Period

 

COMPONENT A: PREPARATORY ACTIONS

 

2.1

HRD Strategy & HRD Policy

  1. a.To provide CLMV Central Personnel Agencies the necessary skills and expertise to carry out HRD & HRM Planning & Management for the public sector.
    1. (1)Workshop on HRD Planning & Management;

 

  1. (2)Workshop on HRD Needs Assessment; and

 

  1. (3)Technical assistance on HRD & HRM Planning & Management to help CLMV prepare macro HRD Strategies, Policy Frameworks, Program, Plan.

PRG

2002-2007

2.2

HRD Program and Annual Plan

  1. a.Prepare a comprehensive macro HRD needs assessment for the public sector;
  2. b.Identify and prepare a comprehensive HRD Program and Plan for the public sector covering the short, medium, and long-term; and
  3. c.Identify and prepare a comprehensive sector-specific and agency-specific HRD Plan.
    1. (1)A comprehensive HRD Program for the public sector covering the short, medium, and long-term; and

 

  1. (2)A detailed annual HRD Plan for each priority sector in accordance with the HRD Program.

PRG

2nd. Quarter 2002[24]

 

2.3

Sustainable HRD Support Mechanisms/ Institutions

  1. a.Identify and set up appropriate institutional mechanisms to manage the HRD initiatives; and
  2. b.Identify and set up appropriate legislative and regulatory HRD support mechanisms for sustainable HRD.
    1. (1)Appropriate training institution/s set up by CLMV to cater for HRD training initiatives required under the IAI initiatives;

 

  1. (2)Appropriate support legislations or regulations at central and agency level prepared to support all HRD training initiatives; and

 

  1. (3)Identify and select pool of potential trainers in general management and specific technical areas under focus agencies.

PRG

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

PRG

 

4th Quarter of 2002

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COMPONENT B: GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND TECHNICAL AREAS

 

2.4

Short-term skills Training Program for Ministry of Foreign Affairs & ANS (ASEAN National Secretariat) Officials

  1. a.Assist MFA officials dealing with ASEAN affairs to be equipped with relevant knowledge and skills to enable them to carry out their ASEAN roles and responsibilities more effectively.
    1. (1)In-country workshop for 25 MFA officials from CLMV on management topics as identified in the CLMV Training Needs Assessment. Trained pool of key officials from MFA in select management topics.

 

 

PRG

February-March, 2002 [25]

 

2.5

Short-Term Skills Training Program for Priority Personnel involved with ASEAN Activities

 

  1. a.Assist CLMV Officials dealing directly with ASEAN Activities to be equipped with the necessary knowledge, skills, and expertise to enable them to play a more effective role in ASEAN mechanisms.

 

 

  1. (1)Workshop series on Management topics for select CLMV officials from focus agencies [26];

 

  1. (2)Workshop series on specific technical areas based on agencies and priority focus areas (in-country training program);

 

  1. (3)Focused technical skills workshops for members of each ASEAN working group/sub-working groups/task forces etc) (training program at working group level);

 

  1. (4)Comprehensive set of training documentation and support training materials for working group members to carry out down-line training; and

 

  1. (5)Training courses on English for ASEAN purposes for key CLMV officials dealing with ASEAN initiatives and mechanism.

 

PRG

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

PRG

April – Dec., 2002 [27]

 

 

April – Dec., 2002 [28]

 

 

 

June – Dec., 2002 [29]

 

 

 

June – Dec., 2002 [30]

 

 

 

Jan. – June, 2002 [31]

 

 

 

2.6

Longer term capacity-building Training Program for Ministry of Foreign Affairs & ANS Officials

  1. a.Create a sustainable pool of appropriate qualified trainers in select management topics to carry out down-line management training on on-going basis.

 

  1. (1)Training of trainers workshop for 5 trainers from each country from CLMV; and

 

  1. (2)Trained pool of trainers in select management topics in each country.

PRG

March-April, 2002 [32]

2.7

Longer-Term Sustainable HRD Program through Training of Trainers

  1. a.Create a sustainable pool of appropriate qualified trainers for sustainable and down-line skills transfer program using the cascading principle.

  1. (1)Workshop series for Training-of-Trainers workshops on Public Management topics;

 

  1. (2)Workshop series for Training-of-Trainers on relevant sector/agency specific technical topics [33]; and

 

  1. (3)Special Workshop series for Training-of-Trainers on English language.

 

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

April - June, 2002 [34]

 

 

2nd – 3rd Quarter, 2002 [35]

 

 

1st – 2nd Quarter, 2002 [36]

 

 

COMPONENT C: SUSTAINABLE HRD PROGRAM SUPPORT ACTIVITIES

 

2.8

Training Institutions Support Program

  1. a.Strengthen select training institutions in CLMV for both management and technical areas.
  2. (1)Equipping of training institutions (management & technical areas) with appropriate training support equipment, training aids;

 

  1. (2)Setting up of appropriate management and technical resource centre (library, audio-visual, databases, etc);

 

  1. (3)Setting up of appropriate information network system for training purposes.

PRG

 

 

2002-2003

 

2.9

Trainers’ Support Documentation and Materials

  1. a.Strengthen the training process for trainers in select institutions through adequate and appropriate support documentation and teaching materials.

 

  1. (1)Preparation and provision of adequate and appropriate training kits, guidebooks, manuals, case studies, and testing & evaluation materials for training in management areas; and

 

  1. (2)Preparation and provision of adequate and appropriate training kits, guidebooks, manuals, case studies, and testing & evaluation materials for training in Technical areas.

PRG

 

 

 

2002-2003

 

2.10

On-Line Technical Support for CLMV Trainers Pool

  1. a.Ensure continuous and virtual technical support for pool of trainers in CLMV for sustaining in-country HRD initiatives.

 

  1. (1)Technical support network for all CLMV trainers in management and specific technical areas; and

 

  1. (2)Web-based electronic repository of relevant training materials for CLMV trainers.

PRG

 

2002-2003

 

 

2.11

Institutional Linkages for HRD Support

 

 

 

 

  1. a.Enhance training in management and technical areas through a select network of training institutions within ASEAN.
    1. (1)ASEAN network of public sector training institutions;

 

  1. (2)ASEAN network of practitioners in select technical areas;

 

  1. (3)Program for echoing and transferring information for the next-in-rank officials in each CLMV to ensure that knowledge learned and experiences gained could be availed of by as many persons as possible in the concerned groups or agencies [37].

PRG

2002-2003

 

 

2.12

Research & Development Program

  1. a.Create and sustain a culture of continuous improvement in select CLMV training institutions for priority focus areas.

 

  1. (1)Special grants for R&D work in/by select CLMV training institutions for priority areas;

 

  1. (2)Intensive research work in select ASEAN priority areas by joint teams of researchers from CLMV and older member countries; and

 

  1. (3)Attachment programs for select CLMV (ASEAN) researchers with ASEAN member country institutions and/or international agencies

PRG

 

 

2002 – 2007

 

 

2002 – 2007

 

 

2002 – 2007

2.13

Sustainable Training Program for Trainers Pool

  1. a.Upgrade and enhance the technical knowledge and skills of in-house trainers from CLMV training institutions;
  2. b.Improve the training materials and teaching resources at the CLMV training institutions; and
  3. c.Upgrade the qualifications of select CLMV Trainers in critical fields.

 

  1. (1)Annual skills upgrading workshops for trainers from CLMV training institutions in management and specific technical areas;

 

  1. (2)Updated training materials (annually or once in three years);

 

  1. (3)Annual fellowship programs for selected trainers from CLMV in priority areas;

 

  1. (4)Annual scholarships for select CLMV trainers in priority areas;

 

  1. (5)Annual research grants for research & Development in HRD and select technical areas;

 

  1. (6)Attachment programs with the ASEAN Secretariat and/or other international bodies; and

 

  1. (7)Exchange programs for CLMV trainers with ASEAN training network member training institutions.

PRG

 

 

 

2002-2007

 

 

2.14

Participation of private sector [38]

  1. a.Facilitate the participation of private sector in capacity building activities for the public sector.

 

  1. (1)Incentive schemes to promote private sector participation in capacity building activities for the public sector.

 

PRG/PLC

2002-2003

 

SECTION II: LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT (INDICATIVE LIST)

 

 

Program Area

Program Objective

Program Outputs

Category

Implementation / Completion Period

2.15

ASEAN Labour Ministers’ Technical Assistance Program on Human Resources Development (HRD) for Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam (CLMV)

  1. a.To assist the CLMV countries to adjust to the changes brought about by the process of regional economic integration, particularly in the areas of labor market integration and in creating a conducive environment for investment; and
  2. b.To address the challenges and priorities spelled out in the ASEAN Labor Ministers’ Vision Statement adopted by the 14th ALMM in May 2000.

 

  1. (1)Completed feasibility study on:

 

  1. a.identifying the HRD needs of CLMV countries and capacities of other Member Countries to address these needs;

 

  1. b.reviewing on-going regional activities and identification of opportunities for cooperation on labor market information, skills standards, technical and vocational education and employment promotion; and

 

  1. c.identifying specific needs to be addressed and preparations needed for CLMV countries to participate effectively in the ASEAN Labour Ministers’ Work Program.

 

  1. (2)Development of proposals and resource mobilization strategy to address the identified needs, in consultation with the focal points of the ASEAN Labor Ministers and Senior Officials.

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRG

2002-2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.16

Training of Workers in New Skills, particularly in Information and Communication Technology (incorporating relevant aspects of lifelong learning)

 

  1. a.To build capacity in ASEAN, especially in CLMV countries, to design training programs (including continuing education) for new skills in the labor market, particularly those related to information technology.

 

  1. (1)Case studies on policies for planning and implementation of information technology training programs and continuing education;
  2. (2)Planners/trainers knowledgeable on information technology who could plan and conduct training courses on information technology and continuing education for skills upgrading;
  3. (3) Regional collaboration plan on promoting the development of information technology education; and
  4. (4)Identified special needs of CLMV countries to be addressed by the project.

 

PRG

2002-2003

 

 

2002-2003

 

 

 

 

2002-2003

 

 

 

2002-2003

 

2.17

Establishment of A Network of Skills Training Institution/

Program on Vocational Training Methodologies

  1. a.To share experiences and best practices among ASEAN skills training institutions; and
  2. b.To facilitate harmonization of vocational training methodologies toward the objective of mutual recognition of skills and standards.
    1. (1)Webpage and discussion board to facilitate dialogue among stakeholders on Skills Training and Mutual Recognition of Skills;

 

  1. (2)Cases and Best Practices Handbook on Skills Training Toward Mutual Recognition of Skills in ASEAN;

 

  1. (3)Program Design and Training Manual on Vocational Training Methodologies in ASEAN;

 

  1. (4)Identified special needs of CLMV countries to be addressed by the project; and

 

  1. (5)Policy measures to create an enabling environment for private sector to invest in developing vocational training centres for particular sectors of the industry[39].

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

2002

 

 

 

2003

 

 

 

2003

 

 

2002-2003

 

 

2003

 

2.18

Enhancing Labor Mobility

 

Promoting Mutual Recognition of Skills as a Means to Enhance Employability and Regional Mobility

  1. a.To enhance employability and labor mobility by assisting ASEAN members to enhance their skills recognition systems; and
  2. b.To provide ASEAN members with a body of research and analysis which will enable them to keep their skills recognition systems under review so as to respond to emerging industry needs.
  3. (1)Publication on skills recognition systems of ASEAN countries and selected countries;

 

  1. (2)Publication of compilation and analysis of information on major ‘private’ skills recognition system operating within ASEAN countries;

 

  1. (3)Publication of case studies of skills recognition issues in 4 to 6 priority industry sectors;

 

  1. (4)Publication on overview study of labor mobility issues and policy options; and

 

  1. (5)Meeting of Senior Labor Department Officials to redraft paper on policy options and follow-up actions for ASEAN Labor Ministers.

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

2002-2003

 

2002-2003

 

 

 

2002-2003

 

2004

 

 

 

2004

 

2.19

Human Resource Development Planning and Labor Market Monitoring

 

  1. a.To enhance capacity for formulating and implementing a comprehensive and integrated human resources development strategy on a continuous basis in order to adjust to global competition.

 

  1. (1)Completed feasibility study on an ASEAN HRD Planning and Training Institute;

 

  1. (2)Feasibility study on setting up and maintaining databases for an ASEAN Labor Market Information system and social impact assessment taking into account the needs of CLMV;

 

  1. (3)Seminar for developing common ASEAN labor market and human resources indicators to monitor HRD in ASEAN, including core human development indicators for social impact assessment;

 

  1. (4)Publication of regular reports on labor market trends, human development indicators and social assessments, including labour and employment data; and

 

  1. (5)Identified needs of CLMV countries.

PRG

2002-2003

 

2002-2003

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

2002-2003

 

2.20

Strengthening Social Security/Social Protection

 

Including the Excluded: Towards an Integrated Social Protection/

Social Risks Management System in ASEAN

  1. a.To build capacity for establishing national systems of social protection or social risk management that build upon local strengths and existing formal and informal mechanisms; and
  2. b.To share lessons learned on establishing mechanisms that relieve the impact of economic shocks and crisis on labor/employment.
  3. (1)Handbook of social protection/social risk management systems in the ASEAN countries;

 

  1. (2)Directory of services in social protection/social risk management and institutions in ASEAN handling such services;

 

  1. (3)Identified needs of CLMV countries; and

 

  1. (4)Paper on policy options and follow-up actions for adoption by ASEAN Labor Ministers.

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

2002-2003

 

2002-2003

 

 

2002-2003

 

2004

 

2.21

Tripartite Seminar on   the Implementation of the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and Its Impacts on ASEAN Labor/Human Resources

 

  1. a.To raise awareness and inform unions, employers and labor ministers on the status of AFTA and its possible impact on industries and labor; and
  2. b.To translate into laymen’s terms, the concepts and modalities of a free trading system under AFTA.
  3. (1)Availability of seminar curricula/materials for the social partners on the AFTA and its implementation;
  4. (2)Recommendations for responses to sector-specific problems and questions on AFTA; and
  5. (3)Identified issues specific to the CLMV countries.

PRG

 

2002-2003

 

 

 

 

 

2.22

ASEAN Program on Industrial Relations/

Symposium on Conciliation, Mediation and Alternative Dispute Resolution in ASEAN

 

  1. a.To assist ASEAN countries in effectively promoting sound industrial relations, industrial harmony, higher productivity and social practice as essential elements of development; and
  2. b.To encourage the use of conciliation mediation and alternative dispute resolution.

 

  1. (1)Regional tripartite workshop on Globalization, Trade Unionism, and Labor Management Relations: Problems and Creative Solutions;
  2. (2)Forum on Alternative Dispute Resolution in ASEAN;
  3. (3)Best Cases handbook on Alternative Dispute Resolution;
  4. (4)Resolutions and Recommendations for “next steps” on the dissemination and use of alternative dispute mechanisms in ASEAN; and
  5. (5)Identified issues specific to the CLMV countries.

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

PRG

2002-2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.23

Overseas Employment Administration for CLMV countries

  1. a.To guide countries embarking on an overseas employment program, provide clear directions on the steps to proceed with the program, and how to locate themselves in the present international division of labor.

 

 

  1. (1)Action plans on strengthening overseas employment administration with specific reference to the needs of CLMV countries;

 

  1. (2)Case studies of policies and programs to prepare overseas contract workers in ASEAN for employment abroad; and

 

  1. (3)Network of Overseas Employment Administration agencies in ASEAN.

PLC

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

PRG

2004

 

 

 

2002-2003

 

 

 

2002-2003

 

 

 

 

SECTION III: HIGHER EDUCATION [40]

 

 

Program Area

Program Objective

Program Outputs

Category

Implementation / Completion Period

2.24

 

Higher Education Management

Explore the way to develop and enhance the higher education system of CLMV countries.

 

 

  1. (1)Needs assessment in higher education management in CLMV to be conducted by the ASEAN University Network (AUN);

 

  1. (2)Prioritized work plan for regional cooperation to strengthen higher education management in CLMV countries; and

 

  1. (3)Training programs to enhance administrative skills to manage the development of tertiary education institutions in the CLMV.

 

 

PRG

2003 and beyond

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

III. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY

 

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE

 

  • Narrow the development gap and the digital divide within and among Member Countries by harnessing the full potential of ICT in accordance with the e-ASEAN Framework Agreement and its recommendations; and

 

  • Expedite liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment in the ICT sector to ensure the widespread availability and use of ICT goods and services and to adopt concrete measures aimed at facilitating e-commerce in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Viet Nam.

 

RECOMMENDATION PRINCIPLES

 

  • Follow developed countries best practises for legislation and regulation that are related to e-commerce but subject to the following attributes:

 

  • Integration with appropriate program since policy implementation in isolation are often unachievable;
  • Consideration for sensitivity to local conditions, risks and constraints; and
  • Include a strong innovative and opportunistic dimension rather than to repeat prescriptions those have been used elsewhere.

 

  • Comprehensive and holistic approach taken which requires the involvement of all relevant agencies for maximum impact on national development. Prioritization will be required on the basis of political will and resources availability.
  • Policy denotes any mechanism (regulatory, legislative, executive, etc) that does not require funding, and the term program denotes any mechanism that requires either public or private, domestic or international funding or combination of either.

 

  • Common ground of CLMV should be identified and included to develop program areas, objectives and outputs of the Work Plan as far as possible.

 

  • Program outputs which are addressed by or included in existing ASEAN schemes on ICT should be highlighted to avoid duplication and improve coordination.

 

  • The need to underscore the importance of private sector and measures to facilitate their participation should be reflected in the program outputs as appropriate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Program Area

Program Objective

Program Outputs

Category

Implementation / Completion Period

3.1

Networking Infrastructure

The term networking is used in preference to telecommunication because it captures both the linkages of individuals, community, organizations, locations and systems and the flow of information, transactions and communications over these links. Networking covers all forms of communication (voice, data and video) for all purposes (business, personal, educational, governmental, entertainments, etc).

  1. a.Minimize internet access prices and encourage innovation in pricing schemes by developing a telecommunication regulatory framework that increases regional and international connectivity and supports full and open competition in telecommunication and internet services;

 

  1. b.Development of networking infrastructure and services. There should be a bias towards liberal licensing of network operators and, particularly, service operators; and

 

  1. c.Regulatory support to increase coverage of marginal areas.
  2. (1)Telecommunication policy frameworks including licensing, tariff, interconnection, standardization, frequency spectrum management, quality of services and consumer protection[41][High priority];

 

  1. (2)WTO Basic Telecom Agreement / ITA Agreement signed [ High priority];

 

  1. (3)Establishment of an independent regulatory body at the national level. The independent regulator should have powers that cover at least pricing, interconnection, international accounting rates and USO, and a customer focused mandate that clearly separates the regulatory and operational functions [ High priority];

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

PLC

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

2003-2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (4)Study on existing regulatory frameworks to identify policy impediments that require re-examination [High priority];

 

  1. (5)Policies to increase accessibility of rural areas with concrete implementation measures, including the establishment of the Universal Service Fund and schemes for ISP/ASP business;

 

  1. (6)Coordinated program for increased sub regional, regional and international connectivity to enable interoperability of systems and applications across ASEAN and globally; and

 

  1. (7)National strategic plans for affordable pricing mechanism of internet access services for underserved and other priority groups such as educational institutions and underserved areas. For example with flat local call charge and tiered pricing ISP charges.

 

PRG / PLC

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

2006

 

 

 

 

2004

3.2

Policy and legal Framework

  1. a.Create an enabling environment and legal framework for development of ICT in CLMV;

 

 

  1. (1)National ICT Development Master Plans consistent with the e-ASEAN Framework Agreement [ High priority] [42];

 

  1. (2)Policy measures to update and reinforce Intellectual property definition, protection and compliance, to encourage international and local businesses to develop locally relevant application and content. Key international intellectual property instruments: Protocol to the Berne Convention; the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS); the WIPO Copyright Treaty; and the WIPO Performance and Phonograms Treaty [High priority];

 

  1. (3)Legislations which include regulations on web contract, digital signatures, encryption security and legal validity of digital information measures conforming to e-ASEAN measures such as Common Reference Framework for Legal Infrastructure, Certification of Interoperability framework, Electronic Payments and Clearance framework etc [ High priority];

 

PLC

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

2002

 

 

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (4)Legislations to cover regulations and enforcement against cyber crimes, hacking, denial of service and other cyber crimes, without imposing unreasonable burdens on the industry, and unnecessary infringements on users’ privacy rights [ High priority];

 

  1. (5)Policies on e-commerce taxation and legislation issues ensuring neutrality between online and offline transactions, consistency with international standards and across tax jurisdictions to avoid double taxation, minimum compliance cost, transparency, predictability, and simplicity; and compatibility with developing international work by groups such as the OECD [ High priority];

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

 

  1. (6)Comprehensive awareness campaign program on ICT for government officials, legislators, educators and key stakeholders;

 

  1. (7)Policies to establish intra-information sharing and disclosure measures to the public;

 

  1. (8)Measures to develop and support SME participation in ICT development, applications and e-commerce.

PRG

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

PLC

2004

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

  1. b.Strengthen institutional capacity for ICT development in CLMV; and

 

 

  1. (1)Establishment of national ICT body with a cabinet level representation, responsible for the development and implementation of a National ICT Master Plan; and

 

  1. (2)Establishment of IT centres of excellence in CLMV.

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

PRG

 

2003

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

  1. c.Improve connectivity and increase access to facilitate timely, broad, affordable and sustainable development of ICT.

 

  1. (1)Policies and measures to allow multiple technologies to compete for communication networks, services and access terminals, such as VoIP [ High priority] ;

 

  1. (2)Measures to promote awareness on the cost-effectiveness of various technologies for use in diverse situations in developing countries [ High priority];

 

  1. (3)Establishment of public and community ICT access points as key means such as post offices, elementary schools, Internet cafés [43] or community multimedia centres [ High priority];

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

PRG

 

2003

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (4)National and / or sub-regional Internet backbones, Internet Exchanges and Content Delivery Networks;

 

  1. (5)A common approach for CLMV, in accordance with national e-Strategies and on the basis of existing best practices, to promote universal access for rural and underserved areas;

 

  1. (6)R&D program on development and adaptation of cost-effective technologies suitable for conditions of CLMV; and

 

  1. (7)High speed national academic network to link national universities with regional universities as appropriate.

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

2004

3.3

Capacity building and e-Society

  1. a.Strengthen capacity of educational institutions, small business enterprises, ICT workers, policy makers and regulators on ICT related issues.

 

 

(1) National master plans for ICT human resource development in the CLMV covering all the key stakeholders as part of the national ICT Strategies   [ High priority] [44];

 

(2) Incorporation and / or upgrading of curricula for national educational institutions [ High priority];

 

(3) TOT programs for professional educators of CLMV [ High priority];

 

(4) Awareness program for government employees, senior policy makers, legislators, and top decision makers/leaders in alignment with ASEAN initiatives in areas of e-government and e-commerce [ High priority];

 

(5) Incentives for private sectors that conduct community-training programs by offering the time of their skilled resources on a voluntary basis [ High priority];

 

(6) Plan to mobilize external expert resources for educational and vocational training centres in CLMV [ High priority];

 

(7) Scholarship program on ICT for CLMV [ High priority];

 

(8) Incentives and measures to encourage the participation of community associations in capacity building programs;

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

PRG

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

 

  1. (9)Policies to stimulate R&D in the private sector in partnership with universities and public institutions;

 

  1. (10) Networks for training and R&D between ICT industry and ICT educational institutions;

 

  1. (11) Distance-learning education program with ICT as an essential part of the curricula and learning tools;

 

  1. (12) Program for addressing specific capability gaps in the administration; and

 

  1. (13) Specific training program to facilitate development of e-commerce enablers.

 

PLC

 

 

PRG

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

PRG

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

3.4

E-Government as catalyst for ICT national development.

  1. a.Incorporate and utilize e-Government system to increase the efficiency of government processes as well as increasing the delivery of on-line public services and information.

 

 

 

  1. (1)E-Government Strategic Plan with a roadmap for each government agency to ensure alignment of ICT development in the Public Sector for each CLMV country [ High priority];

 

  1. (2)Adoption of a government-wide technology architecture and related infrastructure to ensure security and privacy, interaction between all IT applications, and flexibility and modularity, for CLMV wide [ High priority];

 

  1. (3)Incentives provision for online submission of government documents [ High priority];

 

  1. (4)Intranet development for all government institutions [ High priority];

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

PRG

 

2003

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (5)E-government promotion initiatives by selecting one or two high profile applications such as school registration [ High priority];

 

  1. (6)Establishment of national focal points for sharing of resources, expertise, R&D and best practices to support and participate in the development of an ASEAN Institute for e-Government; and

 

  1. (7)Adoption of e-procurement for efficiency and national development thereby encouraging the private sector to adopt e-commerce in order to deal with the government.

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

2004

 

 

 

2006

 

 

 

 

2006

3.5

Local content and Application creation

  1. a.Develop strategic plan for targeted skills training and development program in the national educational transformation plan.
  2. (1)Policies to encourage the growth of e-government as a means of achieving a critical mass of on-line content and encourage governments to provide widely available Free of Charge (FOC) access to state-owned information and local content through community access points in post-offices, district offices, schools) [ High priority];

 

  1. (2)Measures to accelerate standardization of national character codes for international adoption [ High priority];

 

  1. (3)Program to actively participate in existing content fora in the region [ High priority];

 

  1. (4)Program to encourage development of local web translators in CLMV [ High priority];

 

  1. (5)National content fora to identify needs and create new content development;

 

  1. (6)Policies to encourage networking of bodies, which acquire, adapt and distribute content on a non-commercial basis;

 

  1. (7)Customs procedures enhancement through the use of ICT across the CLMV;

 

  1. (8)Strategic action plan for the support and adoption of Open Source Computing Technologies for skills development across CLMV; and

 

  1. (9)Incentives to encourage development of local content applications.

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

PRG

 

 

PRG

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

PLC

 

 

 

PLC

2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

2004

 

 

2003

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

 

2004

3.6

Participation in   e-ASEAN pilot projects

  1. a.Facilitate the participation of CLMV individually or collectively in selected e-ASEAN pilot projects that can stimulate the development of ICT in CLMV, especially projects that are developed in partnership with private-sector investors.

 

 

  1. (1)Establishment of Internet Point of Presence in CLMV through implementation of Project “ASEAN Regional Internet Exchange” (ARIX);

 

  1. (2)Establishment of interoperable frameworks for digital signatures and secure messaging in CLMV through implementation of Project “ Certification Authority Forum”;

 

  1. (3)Adopt and facilitate the implementation of the ASEAN e-Farmers project to allow farmers/producers to have access to market information and to the market itself through the e-Farmers e-Hub marketplace; and

 

  1. (4)Measures to encourage CLMV to participate in e-ASEAN school net project

 

PRG

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

PRG

2004

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

2004

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV. REGIONAL ECONOMIC INTEGRATION

 

 

 

DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVE: Build institutional capacity and HRD in the ASEAN Members to expedite their regional economic integration into ASEAN especially the ASEAN Free Trade Area, the ASEAN Investment Area and liberalization of trade in services.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Program Area

Program Objective

Program Outputs

Category

Implementation / Completion Period

4.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASEAN Integration System of Preferences for CLMV

  1. a.Increase market access for products of CLMV into market of ASEAN-6. This could serve as an engine of growth for manufacturing activities and concurrently the supporting industry development in the CLMV countries [High priority].

 

 

 

  1. (1)Launching of the AISP scheme by ASEAN-6 [High priority].

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PLC

2002

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. b.Build awareness of the AISP among the private sector.

 

 

 

 

  1. (1)Publications and seminars on the AISP targeted to foreign investors and traders from ASEAN and non-ASEAN countries.

 

PRG

2004

 

 

  1. c.Expedite the implementation of the AISP for CLMV [High priority].

 

  1. (1)Training programs on AISP, including the issuance of AISP form [High priority].

 

PRG

2003


4.2

Trade liberalization

  1. a.Expedite the implementation of AFTA for CLMV [High priority].

 

 

  1. (1)A technical assistance program for CLMV in the issuance of Form D and calculation of ASEAN content [High priority].

 

PRG

2003

 

 

 

 

 

  1. b.Build awareness of the benefits of AFTA in CLMV [High priority].

 

 

  1. (1)Conduct a promotion campaign to illustrate the benefits of AFTA to the private sector of CLMV [High priority].

.

 

PRG

2003

 

 

  1. c.Assist CLMV to conduct tariff liberalization.

 

  1. (1)Training on tariff negotiating skills for CLMV; and

 

  1. (2)Conduct study and exchange of experience on how to make up the loss of custom revenue from tariff liberalization.

PRG

 

 

2004


4.3

Trade facilitation

 

 

 

 

 

4.3.1

Statistics

  1. a.Enhance the capacity of CLMV on trade data collection system.

 

  1. (1)Development of a trade statistics collection mechanism and trade database.; and

 

  1. (2)Training programs on trade data collection methods for concerned personnel in CLMV.

PRG

 

PRG

 

2004

 

 

2004

 

4.3.2

Promotion

  1. a.Enhance CLMV access to marketing networks and market information on products and supply sources [High priority].

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (1)Capacity building for CLMV to enable them to conduct trade fairs and exhibitions [High priority]; and

 

  1. (2)Awareness program for CLMV on barter trade, bilateral payment arrangements, account trade and counter trade.

PRG

 

 

PRG

2003

 

 

2004

 

 

 

  1. b.Strengthen the capacity of business community and enterprises.

 

 

  1. (1)Networking of ASEAN-6 and CLMV business groups; and
  2. (2)Training of business community in CLMV countries to enhance their supply capacity.

PRG

 

PRG

2004

 

2004

 

 

  1. c.Promoting export capacity for CLMV.

 

 

 

 

  1. (1)Building exhibition centers in CLMV countries; and
  2. (2)Equipment provision.

PRG

 

PRG

2006

 

2006

4.3.3

 

 

 

Customs

 

 

  1. a.Strengthen customs valuation and post-clearance audit systems [High priority].

 

 

 

  1. (1)Capacity building program for CLMV’s customson the WTO Valuation Agreement and post clearance audit [High priority].

 

 

 

PRG

2003

  1. b.Facilitate the process of Customs Reform and Modernization (CRM) in CLMV [High priority].

 

 

 

  1. (1)Perfecting the legal and policy system relating to customs operations [High priority];

 

  1. (2)Simplifying and harmonizing customs procedures [High Priority];

 

  1. (3)Restructuring and improving the organization; and

 

  1. (4)Improving the capacity of customs officers [High priority].

 

PRG

 

 

PLC

 

 

PLC

 

 

PRG

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

c. Improve customs clearance and increase the level of efficiency and effectiveness[High priority]

 

    

  1. (1)Improvement and expansion of Green Lane System for CEPT products [High priority];

 

  1. (2)Establishment of risk management and selectivity in cargo processing [High priority]; and

 

  1. (3)Establishment of Pre-entry Classification system [High priority] .

 

PLC

 

 

PRG

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

d. Improve transparency, appeal mechanisms as well as accessibility to information on custom procedures requirements for CLMV

 

 

  1. (1)Development of manuals, systems and procedures.

 

 

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

2004

 

e. Strengthen customs capacity in automation [High priority]

 

  1. (1)Development of master plans on automating customs administrations and procedures based on internationally-accepted standards (UNEDIFACT) [High priority]; and

 

 

  1. (2) Implementation of custom automation.

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

 

PRG

2004

 

 

 

 

2006

4.3.4

Standards

  1. a.Strengthen institutional infrastructure on standards andin CLMV to assist their participation in the harmonization program.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (1)Developmentnational master plans on standards and conformity assessment and use of accreditation system [High priority];

 

  1. (2)Capacity building program for CLMV on:

 

-         documentary standards; [High priority];

-         interpretation of international standards for quality management system;

-         quality and environmental management system auditors and / or assessors; laboratory management;

-         laboratory accreditation and assessment; [High Priority

-         measurement standards; and

-         legal metrology [High Priority].

 

  1. (3)Establishment of National Standard, Quality and Metrology support infrastructure.

 

PLC

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008

 

4.3.5

Legal Framework [45]

  1. a)Facilitate the establishment of a market-oriented and market-consistent legal framework.
  2. (1)Capacity building on WTO-consistent legal framework as well measures consistent with ASEAN economic cooperation agreements – AFTA, AIA, AFAS, etc.

 

PRG

2004 and beyond

4.4

Liberalization and promotion of Investment

 

 

 

 

4.4.1

Liberalization

  1. a.Identify and eliminate investment impediments. Further liberalize investment rules and policies in the sectors covered by the AIA Agreement for ASEAN investors [High priority].

 

 

  1. (1)Studies on investment impediments in CLMV [High priority]; and

 

  1. (2)National policies / measures to eliminate investment impediments [High priority].

 

PRG

 

 

PLC

2003

 

 

2003

 

  1. b.Improve transparency in investment policies, procedures and administrative processes.

 

 

 

  1. (1)Regular reports and policy dialogues on investment policies, procedures and administrative processes in CLMV.

 

PRG

Ongoing

 

4.4.2

Promotion

  1. a.Promote investment in CLMV [High priority]

 

  1. (1)Establishment of national investment and business websites including credible content for CLMV as participating countries in the ASEAN Investment Portal [High priority];

  1. (2)National strategic action plans on investment promotion [High priority];

  1. (3)Joint CLMV investment roadshow in ASEAN;

 

  1. (4)Study on specific measures to attract ASEAN investments, including investment preferences or incentives; and

 

  1. (5)Training program for concerned officials of CLMV in investment promotion.[46]

 

PLC

 

 

 

 

PLC

 

 

PRG

 

PRG

2003

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

2004

 

 

2004

 

 

2002-2004

4.5

Trade in Services

  1. a.Enhance CLMV’s understanding on the provisions of General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and their obligations under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) [High priority].

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (1)Training for senior officials on provisions of General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and their obligations under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) [High priority]; and

 

  1. (2)Training for officials overseeing services negotiation process under AFAS (i.e. better understanding of provisions and obligations under AFAS, how to draw up horizontal commitments, schedule specific commitments as well as MFN exemptions) [High priority].

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

PRG

Ongoing

 

 

 

 

 

Ongoing

 

 

  1. b.Enhance understanding of the benefits of services liberalization.

 

 

 

  1. (1)Studies on the benefits of services liberalization for some of the key sectors in CLMV.

 

PRG

 

 

 

 

 

2002

 

 

 

  1. c.Strengthen CLMV’s capacity to implement obligations under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services [High priority].

 

 

 

  1. (1)Training to assist CLMV officials to prepare the requisite legal framework to facilitate services liberalization in the key sectors [High priority].

 

 

PRG

 

 

 

2002-2007

 

 

 

 

 

 



[1] This will form a major part of the ROK (Republic of Korea)-assisted Project Preparation Studies for the ASEAN Highway Network Project. Consultancy services to commerce sometime September 2002. Engineering studies are not covered by the ROK-study.

[2] The following are the priority GMS (Greater Mekong Sub-region) highway projects which are ongoing:

- Bangkok-Phnom Penh-Ho Chi Minh City-Vung Tau Road Projects;

- Thailand-Lao PDR-Viet Nam East West Transport Corridor Project;

- Chiang Rai-Kunming via Lao PDR Road Improvement Project;

- Kunming-Ha Noi-Haiphong Transport Corridor Project; and

- Other planned priority sub-regional initiatives include the Southern Coastal Road Corridor Project to link the Trat Province in Thailand with the southern provinces in Viet Nam via the National Roads 48, 4, 3 and 33 in Cambodia. The ADB pre F/S study will commence soon.

[3] PGR means programme or activity requiring external and technical assistance. i.e. consultancy study or experts/advisory assistance.

[4] PLC means policy development activity to be undertaken by the CLMV countries, collectively or individually, through consultation and/or negotiation. This may include common measures, strategies

or agreements covering the standardization or harmonization of technical standards, administrative procedures, documentation and operational requirements or systems.

[5] This has a different focus compared to the above GMS projects.

[6] The Poipet-Sisophon section in Cambodia is considered the key missing link for the agreed SKRL route. The Poipet-Sisophon rail link has been included tentatively in ADB’s pipeline to Cambodia for 2004 with a loan amount of $40 million. A $400.000 ADB technical assistance (TA) grant to Cambodia for project preparation of this rail link has also been included in ADB’s TA pipeline for 2003. Rehabilitation of the remaining section of the Singapore-Kunming Rail Link Project in Cambodia would depend on the outcome of the ADB Transport Sector Strategy that is currently under preparation. Feasibility/economic study of the project may be carried out depending on how the railways fits into the ongoing ADB-assisted Transport Strategy Study for Cambodia.

[7] The 7th ASEAN Summit considered the SKRL Project as a flagship IAI joint project.

[8] Proposed by Indonesia

[9] The Agreement between and among the Governments of Lao PDR, Thailand, and Viet Nam for Facilitation of Cross-Border Movement of Goods and People was signed by the Transport Ministers of the respective countries on 26 November 1999 in Vientiane, Lao PDR. Cambodia acceded to this Agreement at the 10th GMS Ministerial Meeting held in Yangon on 29 November 2001. The 10th GMS Ministerial Meeting reaffirmed the implementation of the Agreement throughout the GMS countries by 2005.

[10] The NTTCCs have already been established in all the four CLMV countries.

[11] The 10th GMS Ministerial Conference agreed to implement single –stop customs inspection in Mukdahan and Savannaket; Denh Savanh and Lao Bao; and Poipet and Aranyaprathet.

[12] The CMLV countries are pursuing air services liberalization initiatives in line with the sub-regional Air Transport Cooperation Agreement signed in Ho Chi Minh City in January 1998. These initiatives also form part of the ASEAN Tourism Agreement to be signed during the Eight ASEAN Summit in Phnom Penh.

[13] The Agreement on the Commercial Navigation among Lao PDR, China, Myanmar and Thailand for the Upper Mekong/Lancang River was signed on 20 April 2000 in Tachileik, Myanmar. The official inauguration ceremony was held on 26-27 June 2001 in Jinghong, China. These four countries agreed to open 14 ports in the Lancang-Mekong River for commercial navigation, ie, for international passenger and cargo transportation. The Agreement is expected to promote and facilitate trade and tourism, and to strengthen cooperation in commercial navigation. The GMS countries requested for ADB technical assistance to implement the above Agreement. An ADB T/A for the Mekong/Lancang River Tourism Infrastructure Development commenced in June 2001.

[14] Proposed by Indonesia.

[15] Proposed by Indonesia.

[16] The ASEAN Interconnection Master Plan Study is currently ongoing under the auspices of the Heads of ASEAN Power Utilities/Authorities(HAPUA) working group. The Study will be completed by March 2003. Thailand-Cambodia : The feasibility study was finished at the beginning of 2001.The Power Purchase Agreement is planned to be signed in May 2002. Expected commissioning by 2004. For Vietnam-Cambodia: The feasibility study was finished in April 2001. The agreement between two countries already was signed on 24 July 2000. Commissioning expected by 2004.

[17] ADB has an ongoing Technical Assistance (TA) for the preparation of a regional indicative master plan for transmission development up to 2020. The study is expected to guide each GMS country’s individual power system plans with a view to connection with the sub-regional power grid system. The TA’s scope includes assessing power demand, reviewing generation and transmission master plans in GMS countries, updating power grid interconnections identified earlier, formulating an indicative master plan to promote power trade, and identifying the institutional and regulatory issues to properly implement the master plan. The Study’s Draft Final Report, identifying the priority transmission projects to achieve the regional power grid , will be deliberated in the 6th Meeting of the Experts Group on Power Interconnection and Trade (EGP-6) and 8th Meeting of the Sub-regional Electric Power Forum in Ha Noi in December 2001. EGP-7 held in Chiang Mai in May 2002 finalized the Master Plan Study Report. Preparation of feasibility studies will be undertaken for priority transmission links identified in the Masterplan.

[18] Proposed by Indonesia.

[19] Proposed by Cambodia.

[20] Proposed by Thailand.

[21] Proposed by Indonesia.

[22]Proposed by Indonesia and Cambodia.

[23] As above

[24] To be completed by Central Personnel Departments in CLMV.

[25] Subject to confirmation. On-going programme.

[26] Management Topics Include: Training Management; ASEAN Affairs & External Relations; Meeting Management; Managing Dialogue Partners & Relations; Inter-Personal Skills; Project Formulation, Management, & Evaluation; Office Management.

[27] 5-10 workshops x 4 countries.

[28] 15-20 workshops x 4 countries

[29] 25-40 workshops.

[30] 25-40 sets x 4 countries.

[31] 10-15 courses x 4 countries.

[32] Subject to confirmation. On-going program.

[33] Technical topics based on priority areas identified under TNA and IAI Workshop.

[34] 1-2 workshops x 4 countries.

[35] 10-15 workshops x 4 countries.

[36] 10-15 courses x 4 countries.

[37] Proposed by the Philippines.

[38] Proposed by the Philippines.

[39] Proposed by the Philippines.

[40] A concept paper of the ASEAN University Network (AUN) on “ Higher Education Management” which focuses on strengthening tertiary education administration is being developed by the Secretariat of the ASEAN University Network (AUN).

 

[41] Telecommunication Backbone Project under the ADB-GMS Plan includes a comprehensive telecommunication sector policy study which would recommend crucial reform measures to foster growth of the sector.

[42] ADB approved RETA program (USD700K) in November 2001 for Telecommunications Sector Policy and Capacity Building which includes the preparation for a comprehensive Telco policy legislation guideline and development of a country specific Telco sector reform program.

 

[43] Internet cafés help increase access for the public to ICT services. It however may be easily abused or misused by the users. The development of internet cafés may therefore be associated with appropriate measures to mitigate social vices that may be caused by the abuse or misuse of internet cafés.

 

[44] ADB approved RETA program which includes a plan for a short, medium and long term HRD plan to upgrade technical, operational, managerial and planning capacity in the respective telecommunication ministries, regulators and government service operators.

 

[45] Retained from the previous draft as proposed by Thailand.

[46] Proposed by Malaysia.

Narowing ASEAN Develmen Gaps, A Matter of Urgency

Narrowing ASEAN Development Gaps, A Matter of Urgency

The Initiative for ASEAN Integration Development Cooperation Forum (IDCF) was succesfully held yesterday at the ASEAN Secretariat to discuss the Initiative for ASEAN Integration and ways to address disparities, or so-called development gaps, in and among ASEAN Member States in order to realise the ASEAN Community by 2015.

As outlined in its 2009-2015 work plan, the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) is a tool to help narrow development gaps in ASEAN by helping newer Member States Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Viet Nam or CLMV in implementing their commitments to building the ASEAN Community, ensuring that benefits of ASEAN integration are equitably shared.

Secretary-General of ASEAN, Dr. Surin Pitsuwan, emphasised a sense of urgency in achieving the ASEAN Community in 2-3 years’ time, and an equal sense of urgency for ASEAN countries to get there as one integrated community, making the implementation of IAI an important endeavor. The Secretary-General added that ASEAN cannot afford to have a two-layered ASEAN on the road to building an ASEAN Community – a community built on shaky foundation. Dr. Surin further stressed the importance of participation by all stakeholders in the process especially the private sector who will bring in the necessary resources to spur investment and economic activities.

In his key note address, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Myanmar, HE U Zin Yaw expressed, on behalf of CLMV Countries, its appreciation to ASEAN-6 countries, dialogue and development partners for their continued support to IAI Activities. He conveyed CLMV’s utmost support to achieve IAI’s goals and requested for continued support and transfer of technical know-how to ensure that benefits to CLMV are sustained.
The status of IAI Work Plan’s implementation and highlights of a publication commissioned by the ASEAN Secretariat on defining and measuring the ASEAN development gap were then presented to provide timely and relevant information to guide IAI stakeholders on how to proceed. The book is scheduled to be published in 2013.

The main session of the Forum was a showcase of achievements under the IAI and a discussion of areas that require more support, presented by high-level delegates from Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam. The four country representatives share a common sentiment; while they are grouped together, each country has their own specific needs and levels of development. As such, for IAI to be effective, it should also consider activities that target CLMV, not only as a group, but also individually and in part. Increased support for infrastructure, apart from the usual capacity building support, was also requested. Representatives from ASEAN Dialogue Partners and development agencies provided information on their own work plans and continued commitment to support the IAI following the presentations.

HE U Min Lwin, Myanmar Permanent Representative to ASEAN and Chairman of the IAI Task Force concluded the Forum with a set of suggestions focused on working at better prioritization and mobilization of resources for IAI together with CLMV, other ASEAN countries (ASEAN-6), and dialogue and development partners.

The IDCF has been held in 2002, 2007, and 2010, making this the fourth.

ASEAN Provides Hands-on Training for CLMV Young Diplomats

ASEAN Provides Hands-on Training for CLMV Young Diplomats

Class is in session for a selected group of young diplomats from Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Viet Nam (CLMV) who have arrived in Jakarta to begin their training at the ASEAN Secretariat. The Attachment Officer (AO) Programme, which is in its 12th year, focuses on building the capacity of the CLMV junior officers from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the CLMV countries.

The one-year Programme aims to introduce the junior officers to the activities and scope of work of the ASEAN Secretariat and involve them in a series of high-level events such as ASEAN Ministerial and Summit meetings.

A courtesy visit to H.E. Kimihiro Ishikane, Ambassador of Japan to ASEAN was made by the junior officers at the Mission of Japan to ASEAN on 26 September 2012. The officers, accompanied by a team from the ASEAN Secretariat, met with staff of the Mission to share a conversation about the expectation and objectives of the Programme.

“The success of the AO Programme has provided the junior officers with direct hands-on experience at the ASEAN Secretariat and optimises the opportunities to learn about ASEAN. The Government of Japan is pleased to support this program which will contribute to ASEAN Integration.” said Ambassador Ishikane.

The Junior Officers work in different departments and divisions at the ASEAN Secretariat, giving them the opportunity to broaden their knowledge and enhance their experience in various areas of cooperation.

To enrich their experience as Attachment Officers, the Programme also includes a visit to Tokyo where the Officers will get a chance to meet the ASEAN Tokyo Committee which comprises ASEAN Ambassadors responsible for ASEAN affairs in Japan, and dignitaries at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan.

The programme is well regarded and very much appreciated by our Ministry. There is no better way to obtain an ASEAN perspective of regional and global issues than by being part of the ASEAN Secretariat”, says Mr Phay Kimthorng of Cambodia

Graduates of the Programme have returned to their respective Ministries taking on higher responsibilities related to ASEAN and promoting a greater sense of ASEAN solidarity and identity among their colleagues.

The 14th Ministerial Meeting of the ASEAN-Mekong Basin Development Cooperation (AMBDC) Concludes Today, Siem Reap, 29 August 2012

 The 14th Ministerial Meeting of the ASEAN-Mekong Basin Development Cooperation (AMBDC) Concludes Today, Siem Reap, 29 August 2012

The 14th Ministerial Meeting on the ASEAN-Mekong Basin Development Cooperation was held in Siem Reap, Cambodia on 29 August 2012 as one of the agenda of 44th ASEAN Economic Ministers (AEM) Meeting and Related Meetings, and was chaired by H.E Cham Prasidh, Senior Minister and Minister of Commerce, Kingdom of Cambodia. At the meeting, the ministers discussed the progress made in the implementation of AMBDC project as well as opportunities to further strengthen cooperation among countries and stakeholders to benefit development of the region. “This cooperation is indeed very important to strengthen the economic connections between the ASEAN Member States and the Mekong countries; and we have benefitted so much from this partnership project,” said Dr Surin Pitsuwan, Secretary-General of ASEAN.

To see the full Joint Media Statement, please click here.

To see the pictures from the 44th ASEAN Economic Ministers (AEM) Meeting and Related Meetings, please click here. We will update the pictures daily during the AEM.

CLMV Economic Ministers Pledge to Speed Up Economic Cooperation

Cambodia-Lao PDR-Myanmar-Viet Nam (CLMV) Economic Ministers exchanged views on the economic development in CLMV countries and the challenges they faced in the midst of growing uncertainties in the global financial market. The Ministers noted that CLMV’s nominal GDP in 2011 has increased by 14.1% from 2010 to US$ 194 billion, which accounts for 8.9% of ASEAN’s nominal GDP. The Ministers also noted that foreign direct investment to CLMV countries reached US$ 8.6 billion in 2011, which accounts for 9.7% of total foreign direct investments into ASEAN. “We work closely to draw up development plans to seek financial support from development partners and other countries to support our four youngest Member States accelerating their development,” said Dr Surin Pitsuwan, Secretary-General of ASEAN.

The Fourth CLMV EMM was held in Siem Reap, Cambodia this week and chaired by H.E. Nam Viyaketh, Minister of Industry and Commerce of Lao PDR.

To see the full Joint Media Statement, please click here.

To see the pictures from the 44th ASEAN Economic Ministers (AEM) Meeting and Related Meetings, please click here.

Ha Noi Declaration On Narrowing Development Gap For Closer ASEAN Integration Hanoi. Vietnam,23 July 2001


  

WE, the Foreign Ministers of the ASEAN Member countries representing Brunei Darussalam, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Republic of Indonesia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Union of Myanmar, the Republic of the Philippines, the Republic of Singapore, the Kingdom of Thailand and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam;

ACKNOWLEDGING; that the benefits of globalization are at present unevenly distributed and that the development gap among nations and regions would be further widened without effective measures to address the negative impact of globalization;

RECALLING the commitment of the ASEAN leaders, proclaimed in the ASEAN Vision 2020 at. the Second informal ASEAN Summit in Kuala Lumpur in 1997, to promote equitable economic development and the reduction of  poverty and economic disparities  in the ASEAN region and in the Hanoi Plan of Action adopted at the 6th ASEAN Summit in Hanoi; in 1998 prescribing concrete measures to reduce the development gap among ASEAN Member Countries and to promote the economic integration of the new Member Countries into ASEAN: and

EVOKING  the decision of the ASEAN leaders on the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) adopted at the Fourth Informal Summit in Singapore in 2000, giving direction to and sharpening the focus of collective efforts in ASEAN to narrow the development gap within ASEAN as well as between ,ASEAN and other parts of the world;

 

DO HEREBY DECLARE:

  1. We resolve to promote, through concerted eftol1s, effective cooperation and mutual assistance to narrow the development gap among ASEAN Member Countries and between ASEAN and the rest of the world for the sake of dynamic and sustained growth of our region and prosperity of all our peoples.

  2. We shall work together to identify, through research, analysis and consultation, the comparative strengths of our economics and their potential foe complementary, with a view to promoting regional economic integration and a sense of community and shared responsibility among our nations.

  3. We shall devote special efforts and resources to promoting the development of the newer Member Countries of' ASEAN (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar ,and Viet Nam or CLMV) with priority given to infrastructure, human resource development, and information and communication technology.

  4. We renew our call for the development of the region through sub- regional cooperative programmes, including the ASEAN-Mekong Basin Development Cooperation, the Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia- Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area, the Indonesia-Malaysia- Thailand Growth triangle, the Indonesia-Malaysia-Singapore Growth triangle and the West-East Corridor across Viet Nam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand and Myanmar. We encourage contact and coordination among the different frameworks as well as among the relevant regional organizations in order to benefit from their best practices.

  5. We shall continue to expand and deepen our linkages with the rest of the world, particularly with China, Japan and the Republic of Korea within the ASEAN+3 framework, and with the other Dialogue Partners of ASEAN.

  6. We are determined, for these purposes, to mobilize resources in partnership with other Dialogue Partners, the international community including the private sector to develop the following priority areas:

Infrastructure

  1. We shall strengthen our transportation linkages through developing and implementing more extensive land, sea and air infrastructural projects in order to facilitate the flow of goods and people and to generate higher income for people in the region. Such projects include the Singapore-Kunming Rail Link and the ASEAN Highway Network, We urge the international community to provide technical support  to and participate in these major infrastructural projects.

  2. We look forward to the expeditious implementation of the trans- ASEAN energy networks consisting of the ASEAN Power Grid and the trans-ASEAN Gas Pipeline projects; which would help ensure the security and sustainability of energy supplies in ASEAN.

Human Resource Development

  1.  We place the highest priority on the development of human resources as the key to economic growth, social stability and human fulfillment.

  2. We are encouraged by the assistance being extended by ASEAN Member Countries to the newer Member Countries in various areas of human resource development including under the IAI framework.

  3. We attach greet importance to the establishment and strengthening of training institutes and programmes in CLMV and their linkage with those in the other ASEAN Member Countries for mutual assistance.

  4. We strongly encourage efforts to promote and upgrade the Use of English as a tool of communication among all peoples of ASEAN in order to make ASEAN competitive in the knowledge-based economy.

  5. We recognize the need to explore the setting up of benchmarks and time-tables in the field of education to ensure the development of skills and attitudes of our people required by the knowledge-based economy and the information age.

  6. We welcome the comprehensive assessment being under-taken of the training needs of government officials in CLMV, and urge international support to meet these training needs while mobilizing our own resources for this endeavour.

Information and Communication Technology

  1. ASEAN is determined to use information and communication technology (ICT) as a tool for narrowing the development gap and closing the digital divide within and among Member Countries as well as between ASEAN and the rest of the world. We reaffirm the importance for ASEAN to promote the development and the use or ICT for raising people's income, especially in the rural areas, for improving the system of public education, and for enhancing the benefits of public health and medical care for the poor. Therefore, we call for the urgent implementation of the e-ASEAN Framework Agreement and the Asian IT Belt initiative.

  2. We look forward to the expeditious liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment in the ICT sector to ensure the widespread availability  and use of inexpensive ICT goods and services, and to adopt concrete measures aimed at facilitating e-commerce in the region.

  3. We reaffirm the importance of the assessment to be conducted, with international support, of the needs of CLMV in terms of their e- readiness, especially the level of ICT skills and infrastructure requirements. We call on the international community including the private sector to cooperate with ASEAN in meeting those needs effectively.

Regional Economic Integration

  1. We fully support the measures being undertaken to integrate CLMV into ASEAN as a regional economy, including the ASEAN Free Trade Area, the ASEAN Investment Area and liberalization of trade in services.

  2. We especially welcome the decision by the ASEAN Economic Ministers on the extension of unilateral preferential treatment by the six older ASEAN Member Countries to imports from CLMV on bilateral basis.

  3. We call for renewed resolve to conclude the remaining protocols necessary to implement the ASEAN Agreement on Goods in Transit so as to facilitate land transport in Southeast Asia and lower its cost. We look forward to the early conclusion of the ASEAN multi-modal and inter-state transport agreements.

  4. We reaffirm the importance of expanding more efficient air services in our region for the freer movement of people and goods. This would greatly help integrate the ASEAN region, foster commercial and human contacts, and stimulate broad-based economic activities and growth. In this light, we reiterate ASEAN's resolve to develop a Competitive Air Services Policy which may be a gradual step towards an Open Sky Policy in ASEAN.

  5. We reiterate the call of our Governments on members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to expedite the accession of Cambodia) Laos and Viet Nam to the Organization so as to enable them to benefit more fully from the multilateral trading system in the world market.

  6. We shall step up our efforts to make possible the participation of Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar in the working groups of APEC and ASEM with a view to their eventual full membership in those forums.

  7. We shall convene a workshop in Cambodia to develop a comprehensive and coherent programme for the Mekong development cooperation, especially for the integration of CLMV into the ASEAN economic mainstream. We likewise support the convening of a seminar in Brunei Darussalam on "Complementing Regional Integration through Sub- regional Groupings/Growth Areas such as the BIMP-EAGA, IMS-GT, IMT -GT and the Greater Mekong Sub-region".

  8. We shall establish an IAI Unit in the ASEAN Secretariat to enhance its capability in coordinating and supporting ASEAN's efforts in realizing the objectives of this Declaration.


                                                                            ADOPTED in Ha Noi on 23 July 2001